Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Sliding wear behaviour of HVOF and HVAF sprayed Cr3C2-based coatings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-71
Early online date6 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Thermally sprayed tungsten carbide (WC) and chromium carbide (Cr3C2) based hard metal coatings are commonly applied on component surfaces as corrosion and wear resistant layers. Typically, WC-Co/Ni with optional Cr addition and Cr3C2-25NiCr powders are sprayed with high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) or high velocity air-fuel (HVAF) processes. Due to the poor oxidation resistance of the WC particles, Cr3C2-25NiCr composition is typically selected for high temperature environments, up to 800-900°C. In this study, two distinct Cr3C2-based compositions of Cr3C2-50NiCrMoNb and Cr3C2-37WC-18NiCoCr were selected as interesting alternatives to conventional Cr3C2-25NiCr. Sliding wear behavior of the coatings sprayed with HVOF and HVAF processes were tested with a ball-on-disk configuration against an Al2O3 ball at room temperature and at 700°C. It was found that both alternative materials had comparable coefficients of friction with the Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings. The Cr3C2-37WC-18NiCoCr coatings provided improved wear resistance at room temperature conditions, but at 700°C the wear rate was increased to the level of the Cr3C2-50NiCrMoNb coatings. Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings experienced the lowest wear rates at elevated temperatures, which was even lower than at room temperature.


  • CrC, HVAF, HVOF, Sliding wear, Thermal spray coatings

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland

Downloads statistics

No data available