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Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Standard

Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress. / Mikkonen, Antti; Karvinen, Reijo.

Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architechture and Structural Engineering. Wiley, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Mikkonen, A & Karvinen, R 2016, Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress. in Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architechture and Structural Engineering. Wiley, ENGINEERED TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, 1/01/00.

APA

Mikkonen, A., & Karvinen, R. (2016). Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress. In Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architechture and Structural Engineering Wiley.

Vancouver

Mikkonen A, Karvinen R. Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress. In Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architechture and Structural Engineering. Wiley. 2016

Author

Mikkonen, Antti ; Karvinen, Reijo. / Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress. Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architechture and Structural Engineering. Wiley, 2016.

Bibtex - Download

@inproceedings{71aa289a384146539413db635389b527,
title = "Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress",
abstract = "Solar panels and thermal collectors are increasingly popular. There is practical experience of large numbers of solar panel glasses being broken during heavy rain. The present paper studies the role of mean heat transfer between rain and the glass on the breaking. Thin tempered glass is preferred for its low weight, durability, and good optical quality. However, thin glass tempering is expensive and by understanding relevant stresses costs can be avoided. The heat transfer between a solid surface and rain is studied experimentally using a hot copper block and free falling drops. The thermal stresses are solved using a one-dimensional theory and the measured mean heat transfer coefficient.The thermal stresses depend on rain rate, surface inclination, glass thickness and temperature difference. The results show that, expect for word record approaching rain rates, the thermal stresses are below 10 MPa. A non-heat treated soda-lime glass should withstand this stress without breaking. Theused rain rates were R = 1100, 340, 110 mm/h and the maximum mean heat transfer coefficients h = 600, 250, 140 W/m 2 K, respectively. All else being equal, the maximum mean heat transfer was observed for surfaces that were inclined 15° from horizontal. Based on the results in the present paperthe mean rain heat transfer causes no need to temper soda-lime glass to be use in solar panels. However, one should remember that thermal stresses must be added to all the other stresses.",
keywords = "Thermal stress, heat transfer, rain, experimental, one-dimensional",
author = "Antti Mikkonen and Reijo Karvinen",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-433-03187-2",
booktitle = "Engineered Transparency 2016",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - GEN

T1 - Solar Panel Breakage During Heavy Rain Caused by Thermal Stress

AU - Mikkonen, Antti

AU - Karvinen, Reijo

PY - 2016/10

Y1 - 2016/10

N2 - Solar panels and thermal collectors are increasingly popular. There is practical experience of large numbers of solar panel glasses being broken during heavy rain. The present paper studies the role of mean heat transfer between rain and the glass on the breaking. Thin tempered glass is preferred for its low weight, durability, and good optical quality. However, thin glass tempering is expensive and by understanding relevant stresses costs can be avoided. The heat transfer between a solid surface and rain is studied experimentally using a hot copper block and free falling drops. The thermal stresses are solved using a one-dimensional theory and the measured mean heat transfer coefficient.The thermal stresses depend on rain rate, surface inclination, glass thickness and temperature difference. The results show that, expect for word record approaching rain rates, the thermal stresses are below 10 MPa. A non-heat treated soda-lime glass should withstand this stress without breaking. Theused rain rates were R = 1100, 340, 110 mm/h and the maximum mean heat transfer coefficients h = 600, 250, 140 W/m 2 K, respectively. All else being equal, the maximum mean heat transfer was observed for surfaces that were inclined 15° from horizontal. Based on the results in the present paperthe mean rain heat transfer causes no need to temper soda-lime glass to be use in solar panels. However, one should remember that thermal stresses must be added to all the other stresses.

AB - Solar panels and thermal collectors are increasingly popular. There is practical experience of large numbers of solar panel glasses being broken during heavy rain. The present paper studies the role of mean heat transfer between rain and the glass on the breaking. Thin tempered glass is preferred for its low weight, durability, and good optical quality. However, thin glass tempering is expensive and by understanding relevant stresses costs can be avoided. The heat transfer between a solid surface and rain is studied experimentally using a hot copper block and free falling drops. The thermal stresses are solved using a one-dimensional theory and the measured mean heat transfer coefficient.The thermal stresses depend on rain rate, surface inclination, glass thickness and temperature difference. The results show that, expect for word record approaching rain rates, the thermal stresses are below 10 MPa. A non-heat treated soda-lime glass should withstand this stress without breaking. Theused rain rates were R = 1100, 340, 110 mm/h and the maximum mean heat transfer coefficients h = 600, 250, 140 W/m 2 K, respectively. All else being equal, the maximum mean heat transfer was observed for surfaces that were inclined 15° from horizontal. Based on the results in the present paperthe mean rain heat transfer causes no need to temper soda-lime glass to be use in solar panels. However, one should remember that thermal stresses must be added to all the other stresses.

KW - Thermal stress, heat transfer, rain, experimental, one-dimensional

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-3-433-03187-2

BT - Engineered Transparency 2016

PB - Wiley

ER -