Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Solvothermal synthesis derived Co-Ga codoped ZnO diluted magnetic degenerated semiconductor nanocrystals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-172
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Here we are reporting solvothermal synthesis derived diluted magnetic and plasmonic Co-Ga co-doped ZnO nanocrystals with high magnetization values (from 1.02 to 4.88 emu/g) at room temperature. Co-Ga co-doped ZnO nanocrystals show up to 2 fold increase in saturation magnetization compared to Co doped ZnO nanocrystals at the same Co concentration, with the observed room temperature magnetization higher than previously reported values for multifunctional magnetic and plasmonic nanocrystals, and the effect of Ga suggesting some role of the correspondingly introduced itinerant charge. While at the lowest Ga content the nanoparticles appear homogeneously doped, we note that already a moderate Ga content of several percent triggers a fraction of Co to segregate in metallic form in the bulk of the nanoparticles. However, the amount of segregated Co is not sufficient to account for the total effect, whereas a dominating contribution to the observed magnetism has to be related to itinerant charge mediated exchange interactions.


  • Degenerated semiconductors, Diluted magnetic semiconductors, Doping, Plasmonic nanocrystals, Solvothermal synthesis, ZnO

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland