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Sparse phase imaging based on complex domain nonlocal BM3D techniques

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-85
Number of pages14
JournalDigital Signal Processing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The paper is addressed to 2D phase and amplitude estimation of complex-valued signals – that is, in particular, to estimation of modulo-2π interferometric phase images from periodic and noisy observations. These degradation mechanisms make phase image estimation a challenging problem. A sparse nonlocal data-adaptive imaging formalized in complex domain is used for phase and amplitude image reconstruction. Following the procedure of patch-based technique, the image is partitioned into small overlapping square patches. Block Matching Three Dimensional (BM3D) technique is developed for forming complex domain sparse spectral representations of complex-valued data. High Order Singular Value Decomposition (HOSVD) applied to BM3D groups enables the design of the orthonormal complex domain 3D transforms which are data adaptive and different for each BM3Ds group. An iterative version of the complex domain BM3D is designed from variational formulation of the problem. The convergence of this algorithm is shown. The effectiveness of the new sparse coding based algorithms is illustrated in simulation experiments where they demonstrate the state-of-the-art performance.


  • Complex domain image denoising, Complex domain sparsity, HOSVD, Non-local block matching, Phase imaging

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