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Spectroscopic signatures of different symmetries of the superconducting order parameter in metal-decorated graphene

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215601
JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Motivated by the recent experiments indicating superconductivity in metal-decorated graphene sheets, we investigate their quasi-particle structure within the framework of an effective tight-binding Hamiltonian augmented by appropriate BCS-like pairing terms for p-type order parameter. The normal state band structure of graphene is modified not only through interaction with adsorbed metal atoms, but also due to the folding of bands at Brillouin zone boundaries resulting from a $\sqrt{3}\times \sqrt{3}R{{30}^{\circ}}$ reconstruction. Several different types of pairing symmetries are analyzed utilizing Nambu–Gorkov Green's function techniques to show that $p+\text{i}p$ -symmetric nearest-neighbor pairing yields the most enhanced superconducting gap. The character of the order parameter depends on the nature of the atomic orbitals involved in the pairing process and exhibits interesting angular and radial asymmetries. Finally, we suggest a method to distinguish between singlet and triplet type superconductivity in the presence of magnetic substitutional impurities using scanning tunneling spectroscopy.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland