Stabilization of the peroxy intermediate in the oxygen splitting reaction of cytochrome cbb3
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Bioenergetics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2011|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
The proton-pumping cbb3-type cytochrome c oxidases catalyze cell respiration in many pathogenic bacteria. For reasons not yet understood, the apparent dioxygen (O2) affinity in these enzymes is very high relative to other members of the heme-copper oxidase (HCO) superfamily. Based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations on intermediates of the oxygen scission reaction in active-site models of cbb3- and aa 3-type oxidases, we find that a transient peroxy intermediate (I P, Fe[III]-OOH-) is ~ 6 kcal/mol more stable in the former case, resulting in more efficient kinetic trapping of dioxygen and hence in a higher apparent oxygen affinity. The major molecular basis for this stabilization is a glutamate residue, polarizing the proximal histidine ligand of heme b3 in the active site.