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Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin

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Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin. / Lappalainen, Jukka; Baudouin, David; Hornung, Ursel; Schuler, Julia; Melin, Kristian; Bjelić, Saša; Vogel, Frédéric ; Konttinen, Jukka; Joronen, Tero.

In: Energies, Vol. 13, No. 13, 3309, 28.06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Lappalainen, J, Baudouin, D, Hornung, U, Schuler, J, Melin, K, Bjelić, S, Vogel, F, Konttinen, J & Joronen, T 2020, 'Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin', Energies, vol. 13, no. 13, 3309. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133309

APA

Lappalainen, J., Baudouin, D., Hornung, U., Schuler, J., Melin, K., Bjelić, S., ... Joronen, T. (2020). Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin. Energies, 13(13), [3309]. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133309

Vancouver

Lappalainen J, Baudouin D, Hornung U, Schuler J, Melin K, Bjelić S et al. Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin. Energies. 2020 Jun 28;13(13). 3309. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133309

Author

Lappalainen, Jukka ; Baudouin, David ; Hornung, Ursel ; Schuler, Julia ; Melin, Kristian ; Bjelić, Saša ; Vogel, Frédéric ; Konttinen, Jukka ; Joronen, Tero. / Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin. In: Energies. 2020 ; Vol. 13, No. 13.

Bibtex - Download

@article{6083016173b94ecbabb95763d09b9070,
title = "Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin",
abstract = "To mitigate global warming, humankind has been forced to develop new efficient energy solutions based on renewable energy sources. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising technology that can efficiently produce bio-oil from several biomass sources. The HTL process uses sub- or supercritical water for producing bio-oil, water-soluble organics, gaseous products and char.Black liquor mainly contains cooking chemicals (mainly alkali salts) lignin and the hemicellulose parts of the wood chips used for cellulose digestion. This review explores the effects of different process parameters, solvents and catalysts for the HTL of black liquor or black liquor-derived lignin. Using short residence times under near- or supercritical water conditions may improve both thequality and the quantity of the bio-oil yield. The quality and yield of bio-oil can be further improved by using solvents (e.g., phenol) and catalysts (e.g., alkali salts, zirconia). However, the solubility of alkali salts present in black liquor can lead to clogging problem in the HTL reactor and process tubes when approaching supercritical water conditions.",
author = "Jukka Lappalainen and David Baudouin and Ursel Hornung and Julia Schuler and Kristian Melin and Saša Bjelić and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Vogel and Jukka Konttinen and Tero Joronen",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
day = "28",
doi = "10.3390/en13133309",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Energies",
issn = "1996-1073",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "13",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sub- and Supercritical Water Liquefaction of Kraft Lignin and Black Liquor Derived Lignin

AU - Lappalainen, Jukka

AU - Baudouin, David

AU - Hornung, Ursel

AU - Schuler, Julia

AU - Melin, Kristian

AU - Bjelić, Saša

AU - Vogel, Frédéric

AU - Konttinen, Jukka

AU - Joronen, Tero

PY - 2020/6/28

Y1 - 2020/6/28

N2 - To mitigate global warming, humankind has been forced to develop new efficient energy solutions based on renewable energy sources. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising technology that can efficiently produce bio-oil from several biomass sources. The HTL process uses sub- or supercritical water for producing bio-oil, water-soluble organics, gaseous products and char.Black liquor mainly contains cooking chemicals (mainly alkali salts) lignin and the hemicellulose parts of the wood chips used for cellulose digestion. This review explores the effects of different process parameters, solvents and catalysts for the HTL of black liquor or black liquor-derived lignin. Using short residence times under near- or supercritical water conditions may improve both thequality and the quantity of the bio-oil yield. The quality and yield of bio-oil can be further improved by using solvents (e.g., phenol) and catalysts (e.g., alkali salts, zirconia). However, the solubility of alkali salts present in black liquor can lead to clogging problem in the HTL reactor and process tubes when approaching supercritical water conditions.

AB - To mitigate global warming, humankind has been forced to develop new efficient energy solutions based on renewable energy sources. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a promising technology that can efficiently produce bio-oil from several biomass sources. The HTL process uses sub- or supercritical water for producing bio-oil, water-soluble organics, gaseous products and char.Black liquor mainly contains cooking chemicals (mainly alkali salts) lignin and the hemicellulose parts of the wood chips used for cellulose digestion. This review explores the effects of different process parameters, solvents and catalysts for the HTL of black liquor or black liquor-derived lignin. Using short residence times under near- or supercritical water conditions may improve both thequality and the quantity of the bio-oil yield. The quality and yield of bio-oil can be further improved by using solvents (e.g., phenol) and catalysts (e.g., alkali salts, zirconia). However, the solubility of alkali salts present in black liquor can lead to clogging problem in the HTL reactor and process tubes when approaching supercritical water conditions.

U2 - 10.3390/en13133309

DO - 10.3390/en13133309

M3 - Review Article

VL - 13

JO - Energies

JF - Energies

SN - 1996-1073

IS - 13

M1 - 3309

ER -