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Summarization of User-Generated Sports Video by Using Deep Action Recognition Features

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2000-2011
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Volume20
Issue number8
Early online date15 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Automatically generating a summary of sports video poses the challenge of detecting interesting moments, or highlights, of a game. Traditional sports video summarization methods leverage editing conventions of broadcast sports video that facilitate the extraction of high-level semantics. However, user-generated videos are not edited, and thus traditional methods are not suitable to generate a summary. In order to solve this problem, this work proposes a novel video summarization method that uses players' actions as a cue to determine the highlights of the original video. A deep neural network-based approach is used to extract two types of action-related features and to classify video segments into interesting or uninteresting parts. The proposed method can be applied to any sports in which games consist of a succession of actions. Especially, this work considers the case of Kendo (Japanese fencing) as an example of a sport to evaluate the proposed method. The method is trained using Kendo videos with ground truth labels that indicate the video highlights. The labels are provided by annotators possessing different experience with respect to Kendo to demonstrate how the proposed method adapts to different needs. The performance of the proposed method is compared with several combinations of different features, and the results show that it outperforms previous summarization methods.

Keywords

  • 3D convolutional neural networks, action recognition, Cameras, deep learning, Feature extraction, Games, Hidden Markov models, long short-term memory, Semantics, Sports video summarization, Three-dimensional displays, user-generated video

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland