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Supercapacitor and OPV based energy management for temperature logger

Research output: Other conference contributionPaper, poster or abstractScientific

Details

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeNot Eligible
EventLOPEC 2019 -
Duration: 19 Mar 201921 Mar 2019

Conference

ConferenceLOPEC 2019
Period19/03/1921/03/19

Abstract

In this presentation we demonstrate the use of printed supercapacitor and commercially available organic photovoltaic cell (OPV) to power a flexible temperature logger. By applying printing techniques the manufacturing costs can be minimized. It is also possible to introduce materials that are environmentally friendly, can be disposed of with normal household waste and are incinerable. We have developed supercapacitors that can be combined with energy harvesting components such as photovoltaic cells or RF energy harvesting circuits.[1]
The materials for the supercapacitors were chosen to be compatible with printing methods, e.g. the activated carbon powder in the electrodes is bound with the biopolymer chitosan. Since aqueous electrolytes are preferred due to environmental and safety reasons, the voltage of our single supercapacitor cell is limited to about 1.2 V. This requires the use of three series connected cells to reach the preferred 3 V. Supercapacitors of various configurations were prepared. The length and width of the series connected supercapacitors was defined by the free area inside the antenna loop. Antenna transmit power measurements showed that 50 mm x 25 mm can be put inside the loop without severely disturbing the transmission properties. The structure and manufacturing method of the supercapacitors allow up-scaling, so that the properties can be tailored according to the application.
The temperature logger consists of three main components, a coil antenna, an IC, and a power source to the IC. The integrated RFID (HF) microchip with built-in temperature sensor was a commercial product from AMS (AS39513). The external communication with the IC is performed over the NFC interface with an NFC enabled smart phone. The HF antenna was specially designed and matched for this IC, ensuring optimal performance.
The microchip does not only enable fully passive on-demand temperature measurements but enables also autonomous data logging. To enable recording of temperatures as a function of time the IC requires an external 3 V power source to be connected. As this temperature logger is planned to work in a semi-active mode to enable autonomous data logging, there was a need for a connected external power. Temperature logger under discussion could also be powered e.g. with standard CR2016 coin cell batteries, but then the flexibility of the product would be at least partially compromised. Flexible batteries are also available in the market, but their power capacity or recharging capabilities are limited or require extra recharging circuits. Supercapacitor with a photovoltaic cell provides a simple structure for the product´s external power source.

References
[1] J. Keskinen, S. Lehtimäki, A. Dastpak, S. Tuukkanen, T. Flyktman, T. Kraft, A. Railanmaa, D. Lupo, Architectural Modifications for Flexible Supercapacitor Performance Optimization, Electronic Materials Letters 12 (2016), 795-803.

Acknowledgement
The authors would like to thank Business Finland including decision 40146/14.