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Supercritical carbon dioxide treatment of hot dip galvanized steel as a surface treatment before coating

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) treatment was employed for rapid formation of a zinc patina layer on hot dip galvanized (HDG) steel. In the presence of H2O and a Cu precursor, an artificial patina consisting of two distinctive phases was formed: a dense ~ 1 μm layer of anhydrous ZnCO3 adjacent to native zinc coating, and a needle-like porous structure showing resemblance to hydrozincite (Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6). The artificial patina layer significantly decreased the surface free energy of HDG, which was evidenced also by good wettability by a polyester melamine coating. Furthermore, the needle-like patina surface structure stayed intact through the coating process, indicating improved coating adhesion. ScCO2 treatment facilitates rapid and impurity-free surface treatment of hot dip galvanized steel, and could be used to tailor novel adhesion and corrosion promoting surface morphologies.


  • Basic zinc carbonate, Coatings, Corrosion resistance, Hot dip galvanized steel, Patina, Supercritical carbon dioxide, Zinc

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland