Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Synthesis, crystal structure, spectral, dielectric characteristics and conduction mechanism of two novel carboxylates of 1-benzhydrylpiperazine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2007-2020
Number of pages14
JournalMonatshefte fur Chemie
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Two new 1-benzhydrylpiperazinium carboxylates with tartrate and maleate, (C17H21N2)(C4H5O6) and (C17H22N2)(C4H3O4)2, have been synthesized and characterized. Crystal structure determinations show that the compounds crystallize in the P21 and the P21/c space groups of the monoclinic system, respectively. Only in the maleate the organic group is protonated on both nitrogen atoms of piperazine ring. The infrared spectra of these compounds reported from 400 to 4000 cm−1 confirmed the presence of the principal bands assigned to the internal modes of cations and anions of both compounds. The optical band gaps were calculated and found to be 3.46 and 4.14 eV for tartrate and maleate, respectively. Different molecular motions were determinate via dielectric relaxation spectroscopy. Measurements of AC conductivity as a function of frequency at different temperatures indicated the hopping conduction mechanism. The number of 13C CP-MAS NMR lines is in good agreement with the crystallographic data. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • Carboxylic acids, Crystal structure, Hydrogen bonds, NMR spectroscopy, Solid state, X-ray structure determination

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland