The Association Between Liver and Tumor [18F]FDG Uptake in Patients with Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma During Chemotherapy
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Molecular Imaging and Biology|
|Early online date||31 Jan 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the association between liver, mediastinum and tumor 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18F]FDG) uptake during chemotherapy in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Procedures: Nineteen patients with proven DLBCL underwent positron emission tomography (PET)/X-ray computed tomography scan at baseline, 1 week and 2 cycles after rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) therapy, and again after chemotherapy completion. The mean and maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmean and SUVmax) of the liver and mediastinum were measured and correlated with the tumor SUVmax, SUVsum, whole-body metabolic tumor volume (MTVwb), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Results: At baseline, both the liver and mediastinum SUVmean and SUVmax correlated inversely with the tumor MTVwb or TLG (p <0.01 or 0.001). The liver SUVmean and SUVmax increased significantly after 1 week of R-CHOP therapy and remained at the high level until chemotherapy completion. The mediastinum SUVmean and SUVmax remained stable during chemotherapy. The tumor SUVmax, SUVsum, MTVwb, and TLG decreased significantly after 1 week of R-CHOP therapy. The change of the liver SUVmean correlated inversely with the change of tumor MTVwb and TLG after 1 week of chemotherapy (p <0.05, respectively). The intersubject variability of liver and mediastinum [18F]FDG uptake ranged from 11 to 26 %. Conclusions: The liver [18F]FDG uptake increased significantly after R-CHOP therapy. One of the possible reasons is the distribution of a greater fraction of the tracer to healthy tissues rather than tumor after effective chemotherapy. The variability of the liver [18F]FDG uptake during chemotherapy might affect the visual analysis of the interim PET scan and this needs to be confirmed in future studies with a large patient cohort. In addition, the intersubject variability of the liver and mediastinum [18F]FDG uptake should be considered.