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The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets

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The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets. / Prioli, Marco; Salmi, Tiina; Auchmann, Bernhard; Bortot, Lorenzo; Maciejewski, Michal; Verweij, Arjan; Caiffi, Barbara; Farinon, Stefania; Lorin, Clement; Segreti, Michel; Fernandez, Alejandro M.; Munilla, Javier.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 29, No. 8, 4703209, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Prioli, M, Salmi, T, Auchmann, B, Bortot, L, Maciejewski, M, Verweij, A, Caiffi, B, Farinon, S, Lorin, C, Segreti, M, Fernandez, AM & Munilla, J 2019, 'The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 8, 4703209. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705

APA

Prioli, M., Salmi, T., Auchmann, B., Bortot, L., Maciejewski, M., Verweij, A., ... Munilla, J. (2019). The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 29(8), [4703209]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705

Vancouver

Prioli M, Salmi T, Auchmann B, Bortot L, Maciejewski M, Verweij A et al. The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2019 Dec 1;29(8). 4703209. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705

Author

Prioli, Marco ; Salmi, Tiina ; Auchmann, Bernhard ; Bortot, Lorenzo ; Maciejewski, Michal ; Verweij, Arjan ; Caiffi, Barbara ; Farinon, Stefania ; Lorin, Clement ; Segreti, Michel ; Fernandez, Alejandro M. ; Munilla, Javier. / The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 8.

Bibtex - Download

@article{79549428aa2341e7a9d4a4193e773b06,
title = "The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets",
abstract = "Part of the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) study is dedicated to the development of the 16 Tesla $rm Nb_3Sn$ superconducting dipole magnets. The design of the magnets was enabled by a cooperative effort of national research institutes, universities, and CERN. These actors tackled the problem from different sides, namely, the electromagnetic design, the mechanical design, the design of the quench protection systems, and the circuit design. The article deals with the design of the quench protection systems and provides solid motivations for the selection of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) device as the baseline protection system for the FCC-hh main dipole magnets. The article shows that the design domains mentioned above are tightly interconnected and, therefore, the simulation of a quench event involves a complex multiphysics problem. The STEAM cosimulation framework, recently developed at CERN, is applied to address the complexity. The STEAM-SIGMA models are employed to simulate the CLIQ quench protection system applied to the FCC-hh dipole magnets. Dedicated CLIQ configurations are identified to protect the magnets in case of a quench. In addition, the possible implications of the CLIQ protection system on the mechanical design of the magnets are discussed. To this end, the article employs the co-simulation of different software platforms to calculate the mechanical stress during a quench. The results show that CLIQ does not produce additional stress.",
keywords = "Superconducting magnets, Magnetic domains, Magnetomechanical effects, Magnetic circuits, FCC, Couplings, Numerical models, Coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ), future circular collider (FCC), mechanical stress, quench protection, superconducting magnets",
author = "Marco Prioli and Tiina Salmi and Bernhard Auchmann and Lorenzo Bortot and Michal Maciejewski and Arjan Verweij and Barbara Caiffi and Stefania Farinon and Clement Lorin and Michel Segreti and Fernandez, {Alejandro M.} and Javier Munilla",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity",
issn = "1051-8223",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "8",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The CLIQ Quench Protection System Applied to the 16 T FCC-hh Dipole Magnets

AU - Prioli, Marco

AU - Salmi, Tiina

AU - Auchmann, Bernhard

AU - Bortot, Lorenzo

AU - Maciejewski, Michal

AU - Verweij, Arjan

AU - Caiffi, Barbara

AU - Farinon, Stefania

AU - Lorin, Clement

AU - Segreti, Michel

AU - Fernandez, Alejandro M.

AU - Munilla, Javier

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Part of the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) study is dedicated to the development of the 16 Tesla $rm Nb_3Sn$ superconducting dipole magnets. The design of the magnets was enabled by a cooperative effort of national research institutes, universities, and CERN. These actors tackled the problem from different sides, namely, the electromagnetic design, the mechanical design, the design of the quench protection systems, and the circuit design. The article deals with the design of the quench protection systems and provides solid motivations for the selection of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) device as the baseline protection system for the FCC-hh main dipole magnets. The article shows that the design domains mentioned above are tightly interconnected and, therefore, the simulation of a quench event involves a complex multiphysics problem. The STEAM cosimulation framework, recently developed at CERN, is applied to address the complexity. The STEAM-SIGMA models are employed to simulate the CLIQ quench protection system applied to the FCC-hh dipole magnets. Dedicated CLIQ configurations are identified to protect the magnets in case of a quench. In addition, the possible implications of the CLIQ protection system on the mechanical design of the magnets are discussed. To this end, the article employs the co-simulation of different software platforms to calculate the mechanical stress during a quench. The results show that CLIQ does not produce additional stress.

AB - Part of the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) study is dedicated to the development of the 16 Tesla $rm Nb_3Sn$ superconducting dipole magnets. The design of the magnets was enabled by a cooperative effort of national research institutes, universities, and CERN. These actors tackled the problem from different sides, namely, the electromagnetic design, the mechanical design, the design of the quench protection systems, and the circuit design. The article deals with the design of the quench protection systems and provides solid motivations for the selection of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) device as the baseline protection system for the FCC-hh main dipole magnets. The article shows that the design domains mentioned above are tightly interconnected and, therefore, the simulation of a quench event involves a complex multiphysics problem. The STEAM cosimulation framework, recently developed at CERN, is applied to address the complexity. The STEAM-SIGMA models are employed to simulate the CLIQ quench protection system applied to the FCC-hh dipole magnets. Dedicated CLIQ configurations are identified to protect the magnets in case of a quench. In addition, the possible implications of the CLIQ protection system on the mechanical design of the magnets are discussed. To this end, the article employs the co-simulation of different software platforms to calculate the mechanical stress during a quench. The results show that CLIQ does not produce additional stress.

KW - Superconducting magnets

KW - Magnetic domains

KW - Magnetomechanical effects

KW - Magnetic circuits

KW - FCC

KW - Couplings

KW - Numerical models

KW - Coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ)

KW - future circular collider (FCC)

KW - mechanical stress

KW - quench protection

KW - superconducting magnets

U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705

DO - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2930705

M3 - Article

VL - 29

JO - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

JF - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

SN - 1051-8223

IS - 8

M1 - 4703209

ER -