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The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria

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The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria. / Pyysalo, Mikko J.; Pyysalo, Liisa M.; Pessi, Tanja; Karhunen, Pekka J.; Öhman, Juha E.

In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY, Vol. 84, No. 11, 2013, p. 1214-1218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Pyysalo, MJ, Pyysalo, LM, Pessi, T, Karhunen, PJ & Öhman, JE 2013, 'The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria', JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY, vol. 84, no. 11, pp. 1214-1218. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635

APA

Pyysalo, M. J., Pyysalo, L. M., Pessi, T., Karhunen, P. J., & Öhman, J. E. (2013). The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY, 84(11), 1214-1218. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635

Vancouver

Pyysalo MJ, Pyysalo LM, Pessi T, Karhunen PJ, Öhman JE. The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. 2013;84(11):1214-1218. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635

Author

Pyysalo, Mikko J. ; Pyysalo, Liisa M. ; Pessi, Tanja ; Karhunen, Pekka J. ; Öhman, Juha E. / The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria. In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. 2013 ; Vol. 84, No. 11. pp. 1214-1218.

Bibtex - Download

@article{12b433ae2e0948da841a9f30ef734fa0,
title = "The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria",
abstract = "Background: Patients with ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms have excess long-term mortality due to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases compared with general population. Chronic inflammation is detected in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms and coronary artery plaques. Bacterial infections have been suggested to have a role in the aetiology of atherosclerosis. Bacteria have been detected both in abdominal and coronary arteries but their presence in intracranial aneurysms has not yet been properly studied. Objective: The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the presence of oral and pharyngeal bacterial genome in ruptured intracranial aneurysms and to ascertain if dental infection is a previously unknown risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: A total of 36 ruptured aneurysm specimens were obtained perioperatively in aneurysm clipping operations (n=29) and by autopsy (n=7). Aneurysmal sac tissue was analysed by real time quantitative PCR with specific primers and probes to detect bacterial DNA from several oral species. Immunohistochemical staining for bacterial receptors (CD14 and toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2)) was performed from four autopsy cases. Results Bacterial DNA was detected in 21/36 (58{\%}) of specimens. A third of the positive samples contained DNA from both endodontic and periodontal bacteria. DNA from endodontic bacteria were detected in 20/36 (56{\%}) and from periodontal bacteria in 17/36 (47{\%}) of samples. Bacterial DNA of the Streptococcus mitis group was found to be most common. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Treponema denticola were the three most common periodontal pathogens. The highly intensive staining of CD14 and TLR-2 in ruptured aneurysms was observed. Conclusions: This is the first report showing evidence that dental infection could be a part of pathophysiology in intracranial aneurysm disease.",
author = "Pyysalo, {Mikko J.} and Pyysalo, {Liisa M.} and Tanja Pessi and Karhunen, {Pekka J.} and {\"O}hman, {Juha E.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "1214--1218",
journal = "JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY",
issn = "0022-3050",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The connection between ruptured cerebral aneurysms and odontogenic bacteria

AU - Pyysalo, Mikko J.

AU - Pyysalo, Liisa M.

AU - Pessi, Tanja

AU - Karhunen, Pekka J.

AU - Öhman, Juha E.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background: Patients with ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms have excess long-term mortality due to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases compared with general population. Chronic inflammation is detected in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms and coronary artery plaques. Bacterial infections have been suggested to have a role in the aetiology of atherosclerosis. Bacteria have been detected both in abdominal and coronary arteries but their presence in intracranial aneurysms has not yet been properly studied. Objective: The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the presence of oral and pharyngeal bacterial genome in ruptured intracranial aneurysms and to ascertain if dental infection is a previously unknown risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: A total of 36 ruptured aneurysm specimens were obtained perioperatively in aneurysm clipping operations (n=29) and by autopsy (n=7). Aneurysmal sac tissue was analysed by real time quantitative PCR with specific primers and probes to detect bacterial DNA from several oral species. Immunohistochemical staining for bacterial receptors (CD14 and toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2)) was performed from four autopsy cases. Results Bacterial DNA was detected in 21/36 (58%) of specimens. A third of the positive samples contained DNA from both endodontic and periodontal bacteria. DNA from endodontic bacteria were detected in 20/36 (56%) and from periodontal bacteria in 17/36 (47%) of samples. Bacterial DNA of the Streptococcus mitis group was found to be most common. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Treponema denticola were the three most common periodontal pathogens. The highly intensive staining of CD14 and TLR-2 in ruptured aneurysms was observed. Conclusions: This is the first report showing evidence that dental infection could be a part of pathophysiology in intracranial aneurysm disease.

AB - Background: Patients with ruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms have excess long-term mortality due to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases compared with general population. Chronic inflammation is detected in ruptured intracranial aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms and coronary artery plaques. Bacterial infections have been suggested to have a role in the aetiology of atherosclerosis. Bacteria have been detected both in abdominal and coronary arteries but their presence in intracranial aneurysms has not yet been properly studied. Objective: The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the presence of oral and pharyngeal bacterial genome in ruptured intracranial aneurysms and to ascertain if dental infection is a previously unknown risk factor for subarachnoid haemorrhage. Methods: A total of 36 ruptured aneurysm specimens were obtained perioperatively in aneurysm clipping operations (n=29) and by autopsy (n=7). Aneurysmal sac tissue was analysed by real time quantitative PCR with specific primers and probes to detect bacterial DNA from several oral species. Immunohistochemical staining for bacterial receptors (CD14 and toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2)) was performed from four autopsy cases. Results Bacterial DNA was detected in 21/36 (58%) of specimens. A third of the positive samples contained DNA from both endodontic and periodontal bacteria. DNA from endodontic bacteria were detected in 20/36 (56%) and from periodontal bacteria in 17/36 (47%) of samples. Bacterial DNA of the Streptococcus mitis group was found to be most common. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Treponema denticola were the three most common periodontal pathogens. The highly intensive staining of CD14 and TLR-2 in ruptured aneurysms was observed. Conclusions: This is the first report showing evidence that dental infection could be a part of pathophysiology in intracranial aneurysm disease.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885659901&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635

DO - 10.1136/jnnp-2012-304635

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 1214

EP - 1218

JO - JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY

JF - JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY

SN - 0022-3050

IS - 11

ER -