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The digital patient journey solution for patients undergoing elective hip and knee arthroplasty: Protocol for a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1436-1448
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Aim: To describe a randomized controlled trial (RCT) protocol that will evaluate the effectiveness of a digital patient journey (DPJ) solution in improving the outcomes of patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty.

Background: There is an urgent need for novel technologies to ensure sustainability, improve patient experience, and empower patients in their own care by providing information, support, and control.

Design: A pragmatic RCT with two parallel arms.

Methods: The participants randomized assigned to the intervention arm (N = 33) will receive access to the DPJ solution. The participants in the control arm (N = 33) will receive conventional care, which is provided face to face by using paper-based methods. The group allocations will be blinded from the study nurse during the recruitment and baseline measures, as well as from the outcome assessors. Patients with total hip arthroplasty will be followed up for 8–12 weeks, whereas patients with total knee arthroplasty will be followed up for 6–8 weeks. The primary outcome is health-related quality of life, measured by the EuroQol EQ-5D-5L scale. Secondary outcomes include functional recovery, pain, patient experience, and self-efficacy. The first results are expected to be submitted for publication in 2020.

Impact: This study will provide information on the health effects and cost benefits of using the DPJ solution to support a patient's preparation for surgery and postdischarge surgical care. If the DPJ solution is found to be effective, its implementation into clinical practice could lead to further improvements in patient outcomes. If the DPJ solution is found to be cost effective for the hospital, it could be used to improve hospital resource efficiency.

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • arthroplasty, digital patient journey solution, mobile health, nursing, randomized controlled trial

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland