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The effect of the outermost fibre layers on solubility of dissolving grade pulp

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3955-3965
Number of pages11
JournalCellulose
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Dissolving pulps are used to manufacture various cellulose derived products through cellulose dissolution. Solubility of cellulose pulp has been claimed to be strongly dependent on the porosity development, the degree of polymerisation and the pulp viscosity. The removal of external cell walls has been proposed to have a key role in the pulp solubility. In this paper, the effect of the outermost surface layers on the solubility of a dissolving grade pulp was studied. Furthermore the effect of mechanical peeling and combined mechanical and enzymatic treatment on pulp solubility was compared. Based on the results combined mechanical and enzymatic treatment efficiently opens up the fibre structure and has a clear positive effect on the solubility of dissolving pulp. It seems that long fibre fraction is less accessible to solvent chemicals than the other pulp fractions. Mechanical peeling of outer fibre layers does not improve fibre dissolution to NaOH/ZnO. Thus, it seems that peeling alone is not a sufficient pre-treatment prior to dissolution. The results also revealed that the peeling treatment does not enhance the effects of enzymes as the studied mechanical treatment does.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • Cellulose dissolution, Dissolving pulp, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Hydromechanical peeling, Porosity, Solute exclusion

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland