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The Impact of Interference from the Side Lanes on mmWave/THz Band V2V Communication Systems with Directional Antennas

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5028-5041
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume67
Issue number6
Early online date29 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Communications systems operating in the millimeter and terahertz band have been recently suggested to enable high data-rate vehicle-to-vehicle communications in future networks. However, massive deployment of such systems may lead to significant interference, affecting the performance of information transmission. While the multipath interference caused by the signal reflections from the road has been extensively discussed in literature, the interference caused by the vehicles on the side lanes has been insufficiently studied so far. In this paper, using a combination of measurement, simulation, and analytical methods we comprehensively characterize the interference from the side lanes in two typical deployments including highway and urban road environments for millimeter and low terahertz bands. Both the multipath interference and direct interference from the transmitting vehicles on the side lanes are taken into account. As a result of the presented study, we reveal that: i) the interference from the side lanes can be well approximated using two-dimensional stochastic models without any notable loss of accuracy; and ii) even when highly directional antennas are used there are special spatial configurations, where the interference may greatly affect the communication systems performance. We lately apply the developed models to estimate the signal-to-interference ratio and link capacity of mmWave/THz band V2V communications with directional antennas.

Keywords

  • Analytical models, Antenna measurements, Communication systems, Directional antennas, Interference, Millimeter waves, Propagation losses, Road transportation, SIR, THz band, Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications

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