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The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods. / Azemati, Hamidreza; Jam, Fatemeh; Ghorbani, Modjtaba; Dehmer, Matthias; Ebrahimpour, Reza; Ghanbaran, Abdolhamid; Emmert-Streib, Frank.

In: Symmetry, Vol. 12, No. 9, 1438, 01.09.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Azemati, H, Jam, F, Ghorbani, M, Dehmer, M, Ebrahimpour, R, Ghanbaran, A & Emmert-Streib, F 2020, 'The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods', Symmetry, vol. 12, no. 9, 1438. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091438

APA

Azemati, H., Jam, F., Ghorbani, M., Dehmer, M., Ebrahimpour, R., Ghanbaran, A., & Emmert-Streib, F. (2020). The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods. Symmetry, 12(9), [1438]. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091438

Vancouver

Azemati H, Jam F, Ghorbani M, Dehmer M, Ebrahimpour R, Ghanbaran A et al. The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods. Symmetry. 2020 Sep 1;12(9). 1438. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12091438

Author

Azemati, Hamidreza ; Jam, Fatemeh ; Ghorbani, Modjtaba ; Dehmer, Matthias ; Ebrahimpour, Reza ; Ghanbaran, Abdolhamid ; Emmert-Streib, Frank. / The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods. In: Symmetry. 2020 ; Vol. 12, No. 9.

Bibtex - Download

@article{170ac8efd9604435b8edc6513bd33daa,
title = "The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building fa{\cc}ades using cognitive science methods",
abstract = "Symmetry is an important visual feature for humans and its application in architecture is completely evident. This paper aims to investigate the role of symmetry in the aesthetics judgment of residential building fa{\cc}ades and study the pattern of eye movement based on the expertise of subjects in architecture. In order to implement this in the present paper, we have created images in two categories: symmetrical and asymmetrical fa{\cc}ade images. The experiment design allows us to investigate the preference of subjects and their reaction time to decide about presented images as well as record their eye movements. It was inferred that the aesthetic experience of a building fa{\cc}ade is influenced by the expertise of the subjects. There is a significant difference between experts and non-experts in all conditions, and symmetrical fa{\cc}ades are in line with the taste of non-expert subjects. Moreover, the patterns of fixational eye movements indicate that the horizontal or vertical symmetry (mirror symmetry) has a profound influence on the observer's attention, but there is a difference in the points watched and their fixation duration. Thus, although symmetry may attract the same attention during eye movements on fa{\cc}ade images, it does not necessarily lead to the same preference between the expert and non-expert groups.",
keywords = "Aesthetics, Expertise, Eye tracking, Fa{\cc}ade, Symmetry",
author = "Hamidreza Azemati and Fatemeh Jam and Modjtaba Ghorbani and Matthias Dehmer and Reza Ebrahimpour and Abdolhamid Ghanbaran and Frank Emmert-Streib",
year = "2020",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/sym12091438",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Symmetry",
issn = "2073-8994",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of symmetry in the aesthetics of residential building façades using cognitive science methods

AU - Azemati, Hamidreza

AU - Jam, Fatemeh

AU - Ghorbani, Modjtaba

AU - Dehmer, Matthias

AU - Ebrahimpour, Reza

AU - Ghanbaran, Abdolhamid

AU - Emmert-Streib, Frank

PY - 2020/9/1

Y1 - 2020/9/1

N2 - Symmetry is an important visual feature for humans and its application in architecture is completely evident. This paper aims to investigate the role of symmetry in the aesthetics judgment of residential building façades and study the pattern of eye movement based on the expertise of subjects in architecture. In order to implement this in the present paper, we have created images in two categories: symmetrical and asymmetrical façade images. The experiment design allows us to investigate the preference of subjects and their reaction time to decide about presented images as well as record their eye movements. It was inferred that the aesthetic experience of a building façade is influenced by the expertise of the subjects. There is a significant difference between experts and non-experts in all conditions, and symmetrical façades are in line with the taste of non-expert subjects. Moreover, the patterns of fixational eye movements indicate that the horizontal or vertical symmetry (mirror symmetry) has a profound influence on the observer's attention, but there is a difference in the points watched and their fixation duration. Thus, although symmetry may attract the same attention during eye movements on façade images, it does not necessarily lead to the same preference between the expert and non-expert groups.

AB - Symmetry is an important visual feature for humans and its application in architecture is completely evident. This paper aims to investigate the role of symmetry in the aesthetics judgment of residential building façades and study the pattern of eye movement based on the expertise of subjects in architecture. In order to implement this in the present paper, we have created images in two categories: symmetrical and asymmetrical façade images. The experiment design allows us to investigate the preference of subjects and their reaction time to decide about presented images as well as record their eye movements. It was inferred that the aesthetic experience of a building façade is influenced by the expertise of the subjects. There is a significant difference between experts and non-experts in all conditions, and symmetrical façades are in line with the taste of non-expert subjects. Moreover, the patterns of fixational eye movements indicate that the horizontal or vertical symmetry (mirror symmetry) has a profound influence on the observer's attention, but there is a difference in the points watched and their fixation duration. Thus, although symmetry may attract the same attention during eye movements on façade images, it does not necessarily lead to the same preference between the expert and non-expert groups.

KW - Aesthetics

KW - Expertise

KW - Eye tracking

KW - Façade

KW - Symmetry

U2 - 10.3390/sym12091438

DO - 10.3390/sym12091438

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Symmetry

JF - Symmetry

SN - 2073-8994

IS - 9

M1 - 1438

ER -