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Thermal flow permeametry - A rapid method for finding local changes in flow channels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Solid bodies with flow channels can have very heterogeneous structure, whose local variations are difficult to analyze. Yet, this can play an important role affecting characteristics, such as, fluid flow property, strength and heat conductivity. This article presents a method named thermal flow permeametry (TFP) that is applicable for a quick analysis of variations in flow channels, even in meter-sized structures. For illustrating the method, we analyzed the local permeability levels of a large and extremely complex fiber structure. In TFP, hot air is ejected through a structure, while thermal camera measures local surface temperature variations during heating. Gray values of the thermal image are then plotted versus the structures local thickness, density and permeability. We showed that gray values link with local permeability, affected by thickness, density and flow channel tortuousness. We also found out that TFP is very sensitive to local changes in flow channels.


  • B. Anisotropy, B. Physical properties, B. Porosity, D. Non-destructive testing

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland