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Thermophilic hydrogen production from cellulose with rumen fluid enrichment cultures: Effects of different heat treatments

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1482-1490
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Elevated temperatures (52, 60 and 65 °C) were used to enrich hydrogen producers on cellulose from cow rumen fluid. Methanogens were inhibited with two different heat treatments. Hydrogen production was considerable at 60 °C with the highest H2 yield of 0.44 mol-H2 mol-hexose -1 (1.93 mol-H2 mol-hexose-degraded-1) as obtained without heat treatment and with acetate and ethanol as the main fermentation products. H2 production rates and yields were controlled by cellulose degradation that was at the highest 21%. The optimum temperature and pH for H2 production of the rumen fluid enrichment culture were 62 °C and 7.3, respectively. The enrichments at 52 and 60 °C contained mainly bacteria from Clostridia family. At 52 °C, the bacterial diversity was larger and was not affected by heat treatments. Bacterial diversity at 60 °C remained similar between heat treatments, but decreased during enrichment. At 60 °C, the dominant microorganism was Clostridium stercorarium subsp. leptospartum.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland