Thermophilic hydrogen production from cellulose with rumen fluid enrichment cultures: Effects of different heat treatments
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Hydrogen Energy|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Elevated temperatures (52, 60 and 65 °C) were used to enrich hydrogen producers on cellulose from cow rumen fluid. Methanogens were inhibited with two different heat treatments. Hydrogen production was considerable at 60 °C with the highest H2 yield of 0.44 mol-H2 mol-hexose -1 (1.93 mol-H2 mol-hexose-degraded-1) as obtained without heat treatment and with acetate and ethanol as the main fermentation products. H2 production rates and yields were controlled by cellulose degradation that was at the highest 21%. The optimum temperature and pH for H2 production of the rumen fluid enrichment culture were 62 °C and 7.3, respectively. The enrichments at 52 and 60 °C contained mainly bacteria from Clostridia family. At 52 °C, the bacterial diversity was larger and was not affected by heat treatments. Bacterial diversity at 60 °C remained similar between heat treatments, but decreased during enrichment. At 60 °C, the dominant microorganism was Clostridium stercorarium subsp. leptospartum.