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Universality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics of the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation

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Original languageEnglish
Article number033901
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2017
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

We report experimental confirmation of the universal emergence of the Peregrine soliton predicted to occur during pulse propagation in the semiclassical limit of the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Using an optical fiber based system, measurements of temporal focusing of high power pulses reveal both intensity and phase signatures of the Peregrine soliton during the initial nonlinear evolution stage. Experimental and numerical results are in very good agreement, and show that the universal mechanism that yields the Peregrine soliton structure is highly robust and can be observed over a broad range of parameters.

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Field of science, Statistics Finland