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Unlocking circular business: A framework of barriers and drivers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-98
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Circular economy increasingly attracts the interest of business, policy makers and academia in the search for answers to sustainability challenges. While earlier studies have presented drivers that support the introduction of new business concepts for circular economy, as well as barriers that hinder the rate of innovation in the field, no systematic categorizations of such factors have been brought forward. Drawing on current literature, a framework of drivers and barriers is introduced, including seven distinct areas: environmental, economic, social, political and institutional, technological and informational, supply chain, and organizational factors. The appearance and content of these areas in practice have been examined in four case organizations by conducting thirty-six qualitative, semi-structured interviews. Empirical illustrations of the potential barriers and drivers provide managerial implications for better execution of circular business.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland