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Variation of CPTu-based transformation models for undrained shear strength of Finnish clays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-270
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The determination of a design soil property may include multiple sources of uncertainty. One of the sources originates from transformation model used to evaluate soil parameters when they are not measured directly. This study focuses on the transformation uncertainty related to three different transformation models used in evaluation of undrained shear strength from CPTu borings. The used correlation models are common models found in literature and calibrated at Tampere University. The CPTu data used in this study was taken from Knuuti and Länsivaara [2019. Variation of Measured CPTu Data. ISGSR], and it consisted of four different soft clay sites in Finland. The transformation uncertainty was calculated for each transformation model at each site. Moreover, every CPTu boring was analysed separately. The results showed that the transformation uncertainty was lowest for models based on the net cone resistance (COV = 0.033–0.084) and pore pressure (COV = 0.024–0.085). For the third model, the uncertainty was little higher as it included more uncertainty in the initial parameters. This suggests that the transformation models based on net cone resistanse (qNET) and pore pressure (u2) could be more suitable for practice.


  • coefficient of variation, correlation models, CPTu, reliability, statistics, undrained shear strength

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland