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Variation of Quench Propagation Velocities in YBCO Cables

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705-1710
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

We show by modelling that the quench propagation velocity is not constant in HTS coils but it changes during the quench. Due to the large temperature margin between the operation and the current sharing temperatures, the normal zone does not propagate with the temperature front. This means that the temperature will rise in a considerably larger volume when compared to the quenched volume. Thus, the evolution of the temperature distribution below current sharing temperature T (c s) after the quench onset affects the normal zone propagation velocity in HTS more than in LTS coils. This can be seen as an acceleration of the quench propagation velocities while the quench evolves when margin to T (c s) is high. In this paper, we scrutinize quench propagation in a stack of YBCO cables with an in-house finite element method software which solves the heat diffusion equation. We compute the longitudinal and transverse normal zone propagation velocities at various distances from the hot spot to demonstrate the distance-variation of these velocities. According to the results in our particular simulation case, the longitudinal normal zone propagation velocity is 30 % higher far away from the quench origin compared to its immediate vicinity when T (op)=4.2 K and T (c s) =15 K.

Keywords

  • High temperature superconductors, Normal zone propagation, Quench simulation, Stability analysis, superconducting magnets, STABILITY CONSIDERATIONS, HTS MAGNETS, SUPERCONDUCTORS, CONDUCTORS, 1D

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