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Vascular adhesion protein-1 and syndecan-1 in septic shock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-322
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Background Constituents of vascular endothelial surface layer (glycocalyx), e.g. an anchor protein syndecan-1 (SDC-1), can be detected in plasma in many inflammatory conditions. In inflammation, vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is rapidly translocated to the apical side of the endothelial cells and may be released to plasma in a soluble form. We hypothesized that glycocalyx injury coincides with VAP-1 activation on endothelial cells. To test the hypothesis, we measured SDC-1 and VAP-1 levels in 20 patients with septic shock. Methods A prospective observational study was conducted in two multidisciplinary critical care units in two tertiary academic teaching hospitals with 20 mechanically ventilated adult patients with septic shock, on days 1 and 4 of treatment. Twenty healthy adults were enrolled as a control group. Plasma SDC-1 content, serum VAP-1 activity, platelets, and leukocyte count were measured in septic shock group at baseline and at 72 h and compared with those of healthy controls. Results VAP-1 activity and SDC-1 content were significantly increased in septic patients' group (P <0.01) in comparison with controls. VAP-1 activity and SDC-1 content correlated positively to each other, and negatively to platelet count. In the septic shock group SDC-1 correlated on day 1 to SOFA score. Conclusions We found increased VAP-1 activity and SDC-1 content in critically ill patients with septic shock. Based on our results, the role of VAP-1 in shock pathogenesis should be studied with semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity blocking agents and substrate affinity testing.

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