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Waveform design for massive MISO downlink with energy-efficient receivers adopting 1-bit ADCs

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2016
ISBN (Electronic)9781479966646
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2016
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications -
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Communications
Period1/01/00 → …


In high-density low-bitrate Internet-of-Things (IoT) use case of 5G networks, the terminals and sensors are to be of extremely low-cost and low energy-consuming. Typically, the analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) dominate the power-budget of receiver chains, in particular if the quantization resolution is high. Hence, receiver architectures deploying 1-bit ADCs are of high interest towards realizing low-cost, high energy-efficiency device solutions. In this paper, we study the waveform design and optimization for a narrowband low-bitrate massive MISO downlink targeting to achieve rates higher than 1 bits/sec (per real-dimension) where the terminal receivers adopt only simple 1-bit quantization (per real-dimension) with oversampling. In this respect, first we show that for a particular precoder structure, the overall link is equivalent to that of an AWGN SISO with controlled intersymbol interference (ISI). The filter design problem for generating the desired ISI in such SISO links has been studied in previous works, however, the only known method in literature is a computationally demanding brute force search method. As a novel contribution, we develop models and tools that elaborate on the conditions to be satisfied for unique detection and existence of solution for the filter coefficients. Then, as a concrete example, the developed models and tools are utilized to show that in the absence of noise, five-times oversampling is required for unique detection of 16-QAM input alphabet. Building on these findings, we then develop novel algorithms that can efficiently design the filter coefficients. Examples and simulations are provided to elaborate on filter coefficient design and optimization, and to illustrate good SER performance of the MISO link with 1-bit receiver even at SNRs down to 5 dB.

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