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When IoT Keeps People in the Loop: A Path Towards a New Global Utility

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-121
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

While the IoT has made significant progress supporting individual machine-type applications, it is only recently that the importance of people as an integral component of the overall IoT infrastructure has started to be fully recognized. Several powerful concepts have emerged to facilitate this vision, whether involving the human context whenever required or directly impacting user behavior and decisions. As these become the stepping stones to develop the IoT into a novel people-centric utility, this article outlines a path to realize this decisive transformation. We begin by reviewing the latest progress in human-aware wireless networking, then classify the attractive human-machine applications and summarize the enabling IoT radio technologies. We continue with a unique system-level performance characterization of a representative urban IoT scenario and quantify the benefits of keeping people in the loop on various levels. Our comprehensive numerical results confirm the significant gains that have been made available with tighter user involvement, and also corroborate the development of efficient incentivization mechanisms, thereby opening the door to future commoditization of the global people-centric IoT utility.

Keywords

  • Internet of Things, man-machine systems, human context, novel people-centric utility, decisive transformation, human-aware wireless networking, human-machine applications, unique system-level performance characterization, representative urban IoT scenario, global people-centric IoT utility, IoT infrastructure, user behavior, machine-type applications, IoT radio technologies, incentivization mechanisms, Sensors, Wireless communication, Man-machine systems, Wireless fidelity

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