A model for the strain rate dependent plasticity of a metastable austenitic stainless steel
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A continuum material model is developed for the dynamic plastic deformation behavior of metastable austenitic stainless steel EN 1.4318-2B. An incremental approach in both experimental testing and in the model is used to distinguish between the direct effects of strain rate and the macroscopic adiabatic heating effects. In the model a set of evolution equations is integrated over the deformation path, which makes the model ﬂexible in terms of changes in the strain rate and material temperature. The strain-induced phase transformation from austenite to α′-martensite is accounted for with evolution equations based on the Olson-Cohen transformation model. In order to describe the phase transformation accurately during dynamic loading, the original model is modiﬁed by adding instantaneous strain rate sensitivity to the α′-transformation rate. Comparison with experimental re sults shows that the model can be used to describe the strain rate and temperature dependent behavior of a metastable austenitic alloy with a reasonable number of material parameters. Finally, the model gives realistic
results in a set of validation experiments.