Active optical clock based on four-level quantum system
Tutkimustuotos › › vertaisarvioitu
|Julkaisu||Chinese Science Bulletin|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - kesäkuuta 2013|
Active optical clock, a new conception of atomic clock, has been proposed recently. In this work, we propose a scheme of active optical clock based on four-level quantum system. The final accuracy and stability of two-level quantum system are limited by second-order Doppler shift of thermal atomic beam. To three-level quantum system, they are mainly limited by light shift of pumping laser field. These limitations can be avoided effectively by applying the scheme proposed here. Rubidium atom four-level quantum system, as a typical example, is discussed. The population inversion between 6S 1/2 and 5P 3/2 states can be built up at a time scale of 10-6 s. With the mechanism of active optical clock, in which the cavity mode linewidth is much wider than that of the laser gain profile, it can output a laser with quantum-limited linewidth narrower than 1 Hz in theory. An experimental configuration is designed to realize this active optical clock.