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Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses

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Standard

Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses. / Donohoe, Michael; Jennings, Brendan; Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan.

julkaisussa: IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vuosikerta 67, Nro 1, 01.2019, s. 154-164.

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Harvard

Donohoe, M, Jennings, B & Balasubramaniam, S 2019, 'Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses', IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vuosikerta. 67, Nro 1, Sivut 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121

APA

Donohoe, M., Jennings, B., & Balasubramaniam, S. (2019). Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 67(1), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121

Vancouver

Donohoe M, Jennings B, Balasubramaniam S. Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses. IEEE Transactions on Communications. 2019 tammi;67(1):154-164. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121

Author

Donohoe, Michael ; Jennings, Brendan ; Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan. / Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses. Julkaisussa: IEEE Transactions on Communications. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 67, Nro 1. Sivut 154-164.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{3620467bfdd24b298125faa5a2d896e6,
title = "Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses",
abstract = "Artificial neural stimulation of a peripheral nerve can create an in-body data communications channel. We propose the stimulation of a peripheral nerve using energy-harvesting arrays of nanodevices, embedded in biocompatible tissue patches. The resulting extracellular compound action potential (CAP) pulse can provide a data bit-stream for communicating with an embedded receiver. Our objective is to determine the maximum achievable transmission range of a CAP along a nerve and the maximum sustainable bit rate.We model the generation of a CAP and then compute the reduction in amplitude and the spreading of the pulse with propagation distance. The channel capacity is calculated for on-off keying (OOK) and digital pulse interval modulation (DPIM). We show that the transmission range depends on the number and diameters of the activated neurons contributing to the CAP amplitude and width. Our modulation analysis demonstrates the effects of attenuation, background noise, the neural refractory period and pulse broadening on the achievable bit-rate. We show how a maximum OOK bit rate of 200 bit/s can be sustained over transmission distances greater than 100 mm. The proposed approach provides a low bit-rate, unidirectional asynchronous transmission system that could, for example, deliver simple instructions to an embedded drug-delivery system.",
keywords = "Action Potentials, Asynchronous Communication, Channel Capacity, Nanobiotechnology, Neurostimulation",
author = "Michael Donohoe and Brendan Jennings and Sasitharan Balasubramaniam",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "154--164",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Communications",
issn = "0090-6778",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Capacity Analysis of a Peripheral Nerve using Modulated Compound Action Potential Pulses

AU - Donohoe, Michael

AU - Jennings, Brendan

AU - Balasubramaniam, Sasitharan

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Artificial neural stimulation of a peripheral nerve can create an in-body data communications channel. We propose the stimulation of a peripheral nerve using energy-harvesting arrays of nanodevices, embedded in biocompatible tissue patches. The resulting extracellular compound action potential (CAP) pulse can provide a data bit-stream for communicating with an embedded receiver. Our objective is to determine the maximum achievable transmission range of a CAP along a nerve and the maximum sustainable bit rate.We model the generation of a CAP and then compute the reduction in amplitude and the spreading of the pulse with propagation distance. The channel capacity is calculated for on-off keying (OOK) and digital pulse interval modulation (DPIM). We show that the transmission range depends on the number and diameters of the activated neurons contributing to the CAP amplitude and width. Our modulation analysis demonstrates the effects of attenuation, background noise, the neural refractory period and pulse broadening on the achievable bit-rate. We show how a maximum OOK bit rate of 200 bit/s can be sustained over transmission distances greater than 100 mm. The proposed approach provides a low bit-rate, unidirectional asynchronous transmission system that could, for example, deliver simple instructions to an embedded drug-delivery system.

AB - Artificial neural stimulation of a peripheral nerve can create an in-body data communications channel. We propose the stimulation of a peripheral nerve using energy-harvesting arrays of nanodevices, embedded in biocompatible tissue patches. The resulting extracellular compound action potential (CAP) pulse can provide a data bit-stream for communicating with an embedded receiver. Our objective is to determine the maximum achievable transmission range of a CAP along a nerve and the maximum sustainable bit rate.We model the generation of a CAP and then compute the reduction in amplitude and the spreading of the pulse with propagation distance. The channel capacity is calculated for on-off keying (OOK) and digital pulse interval modulation (DPIM). We show that the transmission range depends on the number and diameters of the activated neurons contributing to the CAP amplitude and width. Our modulation analysis demonstrates the effects of attenuation, background noise, the neural refractory period and pulse broadening on the achievable bit-rate. We show how a maximum OOK bit rate of 200 bit/s can be sustained over transmission distances greater than 100 mm. The proposed approach provides a low bit-rate, unidirectional asynchronous transmission system that could, for example, deliver simple instructions to an embedded drug-delivery system.

KW - Action Potentials

KW - Asynchronous Communication

KW - Channel Capacity

KW - Nanobiotechnology

KW - Neurostimulation

U2 - 10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121

DO - 10.1109/TCOMM.2018.2871121

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 154

EP - 164

JO - IEEE Transactions on Communications

JF - IEEE Transactions on Communications

SN - 0090-6778

IS - 1

ER -