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Carbazole-based small molecule electron donors: Syntheses, characterization, and material properties

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Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkelij.dyepig.2017.11.014
Sivut79-88
Sivumäärä10
JulkaisuDyes and Pigments
Vuosikerta150
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä8 marraskuuta 2017
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 8 marraskuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli

Tiivistelmä

Efficient synthetic methods for carbazole-based small molecule electron donors with donor–acceptor (D–A) and A–D–A type structures were developed. In order to study the relation between chemical structures and material properties, the prepared compounds were characterized in detail using absorption spectroscopy, differential pulse voltammetry, and computational methods. In addition, symmetrical A–D–A type compounds were tested as an active layer component in bulk heterojunction based organic solar cell (OSC) devices with conventional structure. The results show that the two compound types have many similar properties. However, the extended molecular structure of A–D–A type compounds offer better film forming properties and higher molar absorption coefficients compared with the D–A type materials. Furthermore, the attachment of fluoro substituents in the A units has a positive effect on all solar cell device parameters. Moreover, the computational studies revealed that the molecular structures are twisted between the central carbazole D unit and π-bridge which may result in inefficient intramolecular charge transfer and, also, relatively limited short-circuit currents in OSC devices.

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