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Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Standard

Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets. / Isotahdon, Elisa; Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina; Kuokkala, Veli.

julkaisussa: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vuosikerta 692, 01.2017, s. 190-197.

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Harvard

Isotahdon, E, Huttunen-Saarivirta, E & Kuokkala, V 2017, 'Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets', Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vuosikerta. 692, Sivut 190-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.058

APA

Vancouver

Author

Isotahdon, Elisa ; Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina ; Kuokkala, Veli. / Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets. Julkaisussa: Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2017 ; Vuosikerta 692. Sivut 190-197.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{05ca7168aea34c418b649b8ebeb3000b,
title = "Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets",
abstract = "Expensive rare-earth elements used in neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets can be partly replaced by a more abundant cerium without significantly compromising the magnetic properties. In this study, we investigated the effects that cerium addition has on the corrosion resistance of Nd-Fe-B magnets. The cerium-alloyed magnet grade was compared to two Ce-free magnet materials, a standard-grade Nd-Fe-B and a Co-alloyed magnet grade, with respect to microstructure and corrosion behaviour. The microstructure of the magnets was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, with the location of Ce being of primary interest. The magnets were exposed to electrochemical measurements and accelerated corrosion tests. Although the amount of the corrosion-sensitive grain-boundary phase was higher in the Ce-alloyed magnets than in the other two magnet grades, the overall corrosion behaviour was in many ways comparable to that of the Co-alloyed grade magnet, e.g., showing a slight increase in open circuit potential as compared to the standard grade magnet. In accelerated tests, corrosion of the Fe-rich phase was equal to the other magnet grades. Pulverization of the Ce-alloyed magnet was not detected during the accelerated tests, similarly to the Co-alloyed grade.",
keywords = "Corrosion, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Rare earth alloys and compounds, Scanning electron microscopy, SEM",
author = "Elisa Isotahdon and Elina Huttunen-Saarivirta and Veli Kuokkala",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.058",
language = "English",
volume = "692",
pages = "190--197",
journal = "Journal of Alloys and Compounds",
issn = "0925-8388",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of the microstructure and corrosion performance of Ce-alloyed Nd-Fe-B magnets

AU - Isotahdon, Elisa

AU - Huttunen-Saarivirta, Elina

AU - Kuokkala, Veli

PY - 2017/1

Y1 - 2017/1

N2 - Expensive rare-earth elements used in neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets can be partly replaced by a more abundant cerium without significantly compromising the magnetic properties. In this study, we investigated the effects that cerium addition has on the corrosion resistance of Nd-Fe-B magnets. The cerium-alloyed magnet grade was compared to two Ce-free magnet materials, a standard-grade Nd-Fe-B and a Co-alloyed magnet grade, with respect to microstructure and corrosion behaviour. The microstructure of the magnets was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, with the location of Ce being of primary interest. The magnets were exposed to electrochemical measurements and accelerated corrosion tests. Although the amount of the corrosion-sensitive grain-boundary phase was higher in the Ce-alloyed magnets than in the other two magnet grades, the overall corrosion behaviour was in many ways comparable to that of the Co-alloyed grade magnet, e.g., showing a slight increase in open circuit potential as compared to the standard grade magnet. In accelerated tests, corrosion of the Fe-rich phase was equal to the other magnet grades. Pulverization of the Ce-alloyed magnet was not detected during the accelerated tests, similarly to the Co-alloyed grade.

AB - Expensive rare-earth elements used in neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets can be partly replaced by a more abundant cerium without significantly compromising the magnetic properties. In this study, we investigated the effects that cerium addition has on the corrosion resistance of Nd-Fe-B magnets. The cerium-alloyed magnet grade was compared to two Ce-free magnet materials, a standard-grade Nd-Fe-B and a Co-alloyed magnet grade, with respect to microstructure and corrosion behaviour. The microstructure of the magnets was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, with the location of Ce being of primary interest. The magnets were exposed to electrochemical measurements and accelerated corrosion tests. Although the amount of the corrosion-sensitive grain-boundary phase was higher in the Ce-alloyed magnets than in the other two magnet grades, the overall corrosion behaviour was in many ways comparable to that of the Co-alloyed grade magnet, e.g., showing a slight increase in open circuit potential as compared to the standard grade magnet. In accelerated tests, corrosion of the Fe-rich phase was equal to the other magnet grades. Pulverization of the Ce-alloyed magnet was not detected during the accelerated tests, similarly to the Co-alloyed grade.

KW - Corrosion

KW - Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

KW - Rare earth alloys and compounds

KW - Scanning electron microscopy

KW - SEM

U2 - 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.058

DO - 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.058

M3 - Article

VL - 692

SP - 190

EP - 197

JO - Journal of Alloys and Compounds

JF - Journal of Alloys and Compounds

SN - 0925-8388

ER -