Constitutive modelling of hot deformation behaviour of a CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy
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Models describing the constitutive flow behaviour of a metallic material are desired for appropriate process design and realization of defect-free components. In this study, constitutive equations based on the hyperbolic-sinusoidal Arrhenius-type model have been developed to define the hot deformation characteristics of a CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloy. The experimental true stress-true strain data were generated over a wide temperature (1023-1423 K) and strain rates (10−3-10 s−1) ranges. The impact of strain rate and temperature on deformation behaviour was further characterized through a temperature compensated strain rate parameter, i.e. Zener-Hollomon parameter. Additionally, a mathematical relation was employed to express the influence of various material constants on true-strain ranging from 0.2 to 0.75. Typical third order polynomial relations were found to be appropriate to fit the true-strain dependency of these material constants. The accuracy of the developed constitutive equations was evaluated by using the average absolute relative error (AARE) and correlation co-efficient (R); the obtained values were 7.63% and 0.9858, respectively, suggesting reasonable predictions. These results demonstrate that the developed constitutive equations can predict the flow stress behaviour of the alloy with a good accuracy over a wide range of temperature and strain rate conditions and for large strains.