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Crystallization of supercooled liquid antimony: A density functional study

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Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli184102
JulkaisuPhysical Review B
Vuosikerta96
Numero18
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 3 marraskuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli

Tiivistelmä

Crystallization of liquid antimony has been studied at 600 K using six density functional/molecular dynamics simulations with up to 882 atoms and three scenarios: one completely disordered sample that did not crystallize even after 570 ps, four with fixed crystalline slab templates, and one with a fixed crystalline seed. Crystallization proceeded layer-by-layer in most cases and was rapid (∼36 m/s) with templates and somewhat slower with the seed. The seed simulation shows an unusual percolation asymmetry where the crystallite grows faster in the direction normal to the zigzag planes. Changes in pair distribution functions, bond angle distributions, ring statistics, nearest-neighbor distances, and cavity volumes were monitored. Diffusion plays a minor role in the process, and the evolution of bond lengths and ring statistics supports the bond-interchange model introduced to explain the rapid crystallization of Sb-rich phase change materials.

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