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Crystallization processes in the phase change material Ge2 Sb2 Te5: Unbiased density functional/molecular dynamics simulations

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Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli134105
JulkaisuPhysical Review B
Vuosikerta94
Numero13
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 17 lokakuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli

Tiivistelmä

Three extensive density functional/molecular dynamics simulations of the crystallization of amorphous Ge2Sb2Te5 (460 atoms) [Phys. Rev. B 90, 184109 (2014)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.90.184109] have been completed with simulation times of up to 8.2 ns. Together with the results of earlier simulations with and without a crystallite seed, the results clarify essential features of a complicated process. They emphasize, in particular, the stochastic nature of crystallization, the effect of bond orientations and percolation, and the importance of extended simulations of sufficiently large samples. This is particularly evident in describing the role of crystallites that can merge to form larger units or hinder complete crystallization by the formation of grain boundaries. The total pair distribution functions for the final structures are compared with available neutron and x-ray diffraction data.

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