TUTCRIS - Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto

TUTCRIS

Demolished buildings: Empirical evidence on types, ages and construction materials

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoCESB16 - Central Europe towards Sustainable Building 2016
AlaotsikkoInnovations for Sustainable Future, June 22-24, 2016, Prague
ToimittajatPetr Hajek, Jan Tywoniak, Antonin Lupisek, Katerina Sojkova
JulkaisupaikkaPrague
KustantajaCzech Technical University in Prague
Sivut1105-1112
Sivumäärä8
ISBN (elektroninen)978-80-271-0248-8
ISBN (painettu)978-80-271-0248-8
TilaJulkaistu - 22 kesäkuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisussa
TapahtumaCENTRAL EUROPE TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE BUILDING CONFERENCE -
Kesto: 1 tammikuuta 1900 → …

Conference

ConferenceCENTRAL EUROPE TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE BUILDING CONFERENCE
Ajanjakso1/01/00 → …

Tiivistelmä

Studies have found that from the ecological perspective, preservation of existing buildings is usually more sustainable than demolition and new construction. Knowledge about the characteristics of demolished buildings could help to promote renovation of buildings and to advance more sustainable management of building stocks, but so far the acquisition of comprehensive data has posed an immense challenge for research. Due to the lack of empirical evidence, the current understanding is largely based on theorizing. To participate in bridging this gap of knowledge, the current study takes advantage of data extracted from the Finnish Building and Dwelling Register. This data, which encompass all buildings demolished in Finland between 2000 and 2012 (50 818 buildings), are utilized to investigate the ages, decades of origin and construction materials and methods of demolished buildings by building types in 11 different categories from residential to non-residential. The results show that buildings are being demolished after remarkably short service lives. On average, the demolished buildings were only 51 years old — a service life that is considered as appropriate for temporary structures in the current design guidance. Furthermore, prefabricated buildings reached lives around 20 years, which is clearly less than with in situ built buildings. The average lives of buildings made of different materials were as follows: 54 years (timber buildings), 50 years (brick buildings), 40 years (concrete buildings) and 19 years (steel buildings). A comparison to statistics covering the existing stock showed that demolition is typically underrepresented in the youngest cohorts and overrepresented in older cohorts.

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