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Economic analysis of hydrogen production by methane thermal decomposition: Comparison to competing technologies

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Economic analysis of hydrogen production by methane thermal decomposition : Comparison to competing technologies. / Keipi, Tiina; Tolvanen, Henrik; Konttinen, Jukka.

julkaisussa: Energy Conversion and Management, Vuosikerta 159, 01.03.2018, s. 264-273.

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Keipi, Tiina ; Tolvanen, Henrik ; Konttinen, Jukka. / Economic analysis of hydrogen production by methane thermal decomposition : Comparison to competing technologies. Julkaisussa: Energy Conversion and Management. 2018 ; Vuosikerta 159. Sivut 264-273.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{69b84f72b8694a408b3b9aac89f941d3,
title = "Economic analysis of hydrogen production by methane thermal decomposition: Comparison to competing technologies",
abstract = "This study is a comparative analysis of hydrogen production costs in current and potential future market environments. The economic feasibility of hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane was compared to two other technologies, namely steam methane reforming and water electrolysis. According to the results, thermal decomposition of methane would be most suited for on-site demand-driven hydrogen production in small or medium industrial scale. Hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane would be economically competitive with steam reforming with a product carbon value of at least 280-310 EUR/tonne. By contrast, the main benefit of thermal decomposition of methane in comparison with water electrolysis is the feedstock availability via the current natural gas infrastructure, whereas electrolysis is highly dependent on the cost and availability of renewable electricity. The major factors affecting the economic feasibility were identified as product carbon value in thermal decomposition of methane, natural gas cost in steam reforming, and electricity cost in electrolysis. Thus, the effect of these variables on the hydrogen production costs was analyzed. Additionally, the specific carbon dioxide emissions in hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane (40 kgCO2/MWhH2) were found to be much less that by steam reforming coupled with carbon dioxide capture from the syngas (133 kgCO2/MWhH2).",
keywords = "Methane decomposition, hydrogen, economic analysis, carbon dioxide emissions",
author = "Tiina Keipi and Henrik Tolvanen and Jukka Konttinen",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.063",
language = "English",
volume = "159",
pages = "264--273",
journal = "Energy Conversion and Management",
issn = "0196-8904",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Economic analysis of hydrogen production by methane thermal decomposition

T2 - Comparison to competing technologies

AU - Keipi, Tiina

AU - Tolvanen, Henrik

AU - Konttinen, Jukka

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - This study is a comparative analysis of hydrogen production costs in current and potential future market environments. The economic feasibility of hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane was compared to two other technologies, namely steam methane reforming and water electrolysis. According to the results, thermal decomposition of methane would be most suited for on-site demand-driven hydrogen production in small or medium industrial scale. Hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane would be economically competitive with steam reforming with a product carbon value of at least 280-310 EUR/tonne. By contrast, the main benefit of thermal decomposition of methane in comparison with water electrolysis is the feedstock availability via the current natural gas infrastructure, whereas electrolysis is highly dependent on the cost and availability of renewable electricity. The major factors affecting the economic feasibility were identified as product carbon value in thermal decomposition of methane, natural gas cost in steam reforming, and electricity cost in electrolysis. Thus, the effect of these variables on the hydrogen production costs was analyzed. Additionally, the specific carbon dioxide emissions in hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane (40 kgCO2/MWhH2) were found to be much less that by steam reforming coupled with carbon dioxide capture from the syngas (133 kgCO2/MWhH2).

AB - This study is a comparative analysis of hydrogen production costs in current and potential future market environments. The economic feasibility of hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane was compared to two other technologies, namely steam methane reforming and water electrolysis. According to the results, thermal decomposition of methane would be most suited for on-site demand-driven hydrogen production in small or medium industrial scale. Hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane would be economically competitive with steam reforming with a product carbon value of at least 280-310 EUR/tonne. By contrast, the main benefit of thermal decomposition of methane in comparison with water electrolysis is the feedstock availability via the current natural gas infrastructure, whereas electrolysis is highly dependent on the cost and availability of renewable electricity. The major factors affecting the economic feasibility were identified as product carbon value in thermal decomposition of methane, natural gas cost in steam reforming, and electricity cost in electrolysis. Thus, the effect of these variables on the hydrogen production costs was analyzed. Additionally, the specific carbon dioxide emissions in hydrogen production by thermal decomposition of methane (40 kgCO2/MWhH2) were found to be much less that by steam reforming coupled with carbon dioxide capture from the syngas (133 kgCO2/MWhH2).

KW - Methane decomposition

KW - hydrogen

KW - economic analysis

KW - carbon dioxide emissions

U2 - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.063

DO - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.063

M3 - Article

VL - 159

SP - 264

EP - 273

JO - Energy Conversion and Management

JF - Energy Conversion and Management

SN - 0196-8904

ER -