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Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions

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Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions. / Kokko, Marika E.; Mäkinen, Annukka E.; Sulonen, Mira L K; Puhakka, Jaakko A.

julkaisussa: Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vuosikerta 101, 05.09.2015, s. 248-252.

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Kokko, Marika E. ; Mäkinen, Annukka E. ; Sulonen, Mira L K ; Puhakka, Jaakko A. / Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions. Julkaisussa: Biochemical Engineering Journal. 2015 ; Vuosikerta 101. Sivut 248-252.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{8c6f7e4ee3544307a62268488b791d4a,
title = "Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions",
abstract = "The results on the effects of different anode potentials on current densities, coulombic efficiencies and microbial communities are contradictory and have not been studied with xylose, an important constituent of lignocellulosic materials. In this study, the effects of different anode potentials (+0.2, 0 and -0.2V vs. Ag/AgCl) on current generation, xylose degradation and microbial communities were examined with an exoelectrogenic enrichment culture originating from anaerobic sludge. Anode potential of +0.2V (vs. Ag/AgCl) resulted in the highest current density and coulombic efficiency of 1.5±0.2A/m2 and 62±11{\%}, respectively, and there was no accumulation of soluble metabolites. With anode potentials of 0 and -0.2V the current densities remained low and acetate, butyrate and propionate were detected in the end of batch runs. Different anode potentials resulted in substantial differences in the anodic bacterial species. At more positive anode potentials, Ochrobactrum intermedium reported to be capable of direct electron transfer dominated. At more negative anode potentials, a known mediator-producer, Alcaligenes faecalis, and Desulfitobacterium hafnience, that has been reported to use mediated electron transfer, were detected. This study shows that the anode potential has a substantial effect on microbial communities and on xylose metabolism.",
keywords = "Anaerobic processes, Anode potential, Batch processing, Biocatalysis, Bioconversion, Microbial fuel cell",
author = "Kokko, {Marika E.} and M{\"a}kinen, {Annukka E.} and Sulonen, {Mira L K} and Puhakka, {Jaakko A.}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.bej.2015.06.007",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "248--252",
journal = "Biochemical Engineering Journal",
issn = "1369-703X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of anode potentials on bioelectrogenic conversion of xylose and microbial community compositions

AU - Kokko, Marika E.

AU - Mäkinen, Annukka E.

AU - Sulonen, Mira L K

AU - Puhakka, Jaakko A.

PY - 2015/9/5

Y1 - 2015/9/5

N2 - The results on the effects of different anode potentials on current densities, coulombic efficiencies and microbial communities are contradictory and have not been studied with xylose, an important constituent of lignocellulosic materials. In this study, the effects of different anode potentials (+0.2, 0 and -0.2V vs. Ag/AgCl) on current generation, xylose degradation and microbial communities were examined with an exoelectrogenic enrichment culture originating from anaerobic sludge. Anode potential of +0.2V (vs. Ag/AgCl) resulted in the highest current density and coulombic efficiency of 1.5±0.2A/m2 and 62±11%, respectively, and there was no accumulation of soluble metabolites. With anode potentials of 0 and -0.2V the current densities remained low and acetate, butyrate and propionate were detected in the end of batch runs. Different anode potentials resulted in substantial differences in the anodic bacterial species. At more positive anode potentials, Ochrobactrum intermedium reported to be capable of direct electron transfer dominated. At more negative anode potentials, a known mediator-producer, Alcaligenes faecalis, and Desulfitobacterium hafnience, that has been reported to use mediated electron transfer, were detected. This study shows that the anode potential has a substantial effect on microbial communities and on xylose metabolism.

AB - The results on the effects of different anode potentials on current densities, coulombic efficiencies and microbial communities are contradictory and have not been studied with xylose, an important constituent of lignocellulosic materials. In this study, the effects of different anode potentials (+0.2, 0 and -0.2V vs. Ag/AgCl) on current generation, xylose degradation and microbial communities were examined with an exoelectrogenic enrichment culture originating from anaerobic sludge. Anode potential of +0.2V (vs. Ag/AgCl) resulted in the highest current density and coulombic efficiency of 1.5±0.2A/m2 and 62±11%, respectively, and there was no accumulation of soluble metabolites. With anode potentials of 0 and -0.2V the current densities remained low and acetate, butyrate and propionate were detected in the end of batch runs. Different anode potentials resulted in substantial differences in the anodic bacterial species. At more positive anode potentials, Ochrobactrum intermedium reported to be capable of direct electron transfer dominated. At more negative anode potentials, a known mediator-producer, Alcaligenes faecalis, and Desulfitobacterium hafnience, that has been reported to use mediated electron transfer, were detected. This study shows that the anode potential has a substantial effect on microbial communities and on xylose metabolism.

KW - Anaerobic processes

KW - Anode potential

KW - Batch processing

KW - Biocatalysis

KW - Bioconversion

KW - Microbial fuel cell

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84936752873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bej.2015.06.007

DO - 10.1016/j.bej.2015.06.007

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 248

EP - 252

JO - Biochemical Engineering Journal

JF - Biochemical Engineering Journal

SN - 1369-703X

ER -