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Engineering graduates’ development of expertise and skills –views from academic stakeholders

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoThe 47th SEFI Annual Conference in Budapest 16-19 September 2019
TilaJulkaistu - 2 elokuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisussa
TapahtumaANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIETY FOR ENGINEERING EDUCATION -
Kesto: 1 tammikuuta 1900 → …

Conference

ConferenceANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIETY FOR ENGINEERING EDUCATION
Ajanjakso1/01/00 → …

Tiivistelmä

This paper investigates skills development of graduated engineers from the standpoint of academic stakeholders; namely, academic staff members, industrial employers and graduated engineers themselves. The aim was to discover which skills have satisfactorily developed and which have not during university studies relative to their current importance in working life. For such a purpose, a national-wide graduate survey measuring the importance of 26 skills on the scale 0–5 was used as a basis for research. Then, 96 academic staff members rated the importance of each skill in their curriculum using options: ‘nice to have’, ‘should have’ and ‘must have’. Finally, 24 employers rated the importance of these skills on the scale 0–5.
The results from the survey indicate that traditional academic skills such as information retrieval, written communication, knowledge of the research of own field, and mathematical and natural sciences are currently the most well-developed skills relative to their importance. The same skills were considered as ‘must have’ in academic staff members’ ratings, and hence, these skills were fostered in curriculums. Conversely, creativity, social skills and leadership were the least developed skills relative to their importance in graduates’ opinions and according to the employers’ ratings. Interestingly, these skills were considered as ‘nice to have’ in academic staff members’ ratings, and hence, not emphasized in curriculums.
In conclusion, the skill profile of graduated engineers is consistent with the skills universities currently value, but there is some skill mismatch between expectations in working life and the actual expertise graduates currently have.

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