Exact Error Analysis and Energy-Efficiency Optimization of Regenerative Relay Systems under Spatial Correlation
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|Julkaisu||IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2015|
Energy efficiency and its optimization constitute critical tasks in the design of low-power wireless networks. This paper is devoted to the error rate analysis and energy efficiency optimization of regenerative cooperative networks in the presence of multipath fading under spatial correlation. To this end, exact and asymptotic analytic expressions are first derived for the symbol error rate (SER) of M-ary quadrature amplitude and M-ary phase-shift keying modulations (M-QAM and M-PSK), respectively, assuming a dual-hop decode-and-forward (DF) relay system, spatially correlated Nakagami-m multipath fading, and maximum ratio combining (MRC) at the destination. The derived expressions are subsequently employed in quantifying the energy consumption of the considered system, incorporating both transmit energy and the energy consumed by the transceiver circuits, and in deriving the optimal power allocation (OPA) formulation for minimizing energy consumption under certain quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. A relatively harsh path-loss (PL) model, which also accounts for realistic device-to-device communications, is adopted in numerical evaluations, and various useful insights are provided for the design of future low-energy wireless networks deployments. Indicatively, it is shown that, depending on the degree of spatial correlation, severity of fading, transmission distance, relay location, and power allocation strategy, target performance can be achieved with much overall energy reduction compared with direct transmission (DT) reference.