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Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

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Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements. / Baquero Barneto, Carlos; Riihonen, Taneli; Turunen, Matias; Anttila, Lauri; Fleischer, Marko; Stadius, Kari; Ryynänen, Jussi; Valkama, Mikko.

julkaisussa: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vuosikerta 67, Nro 10, 10.2019, s. 4042-4054.

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Harvard

Baquero Barneto, C, Riihonen, T, Turunen, M, Anttila, L, Fleischer, M, Stadius, K, Ryynänen, J & Valkama, M 2019, 'Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements', IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vuosikerta. 67, Nro 10, Sivut 4042-4054. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2019.2930510

APA

Vancouver

Baquero Barneto C, Riihonen T, Turunen M, Anttila L, Fleischer M, Stadius K et al. Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2019 loka;67(10):4042-4054. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2019.2930510

Author

Baquero Barneto, Carlos ; Riihonen, Taneli ; Turunen, Matias ; Anttila, Lauri ; Fleischer, Marko ; Stadius, Kari ; Ryynänen, Jussi ; Valkama, Mikko. / Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements. Julkaisussa: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 67, Nro 10. Sivut 4042-4054.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{4cd48ed9bcbb4f40aba032f895f64001,
title = "Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements",
abstract = "This article studies the processing principles, implementation challenges, and performance of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based radars, with particular focus on the fourth-generation Long-Term Evolution (LTE) and fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) mobile networks’ base stations and their utilization for radar/sensing purposes. First, we address the problem stemming from the unused subcarriers within the LTE and NR transmit signal passbands and their impact on frequency-domain radar processing. In particular, we formulate and adopt a computationally efficient interpolation approach to mitigate the effects of such empty subcarriers in the radar processing. We evaluate the target detection and the corresponding range and velocity estimation performance through computer simulations and show that high-quality target detection as well as high-precision range and velocity estimation can be achieved. In particular, 5G NR waveforms, through their impressive channel bandwidths and configurable subcarrier spacing, are shown to provide very good radar/sensing performance. Then, a fundamental implementation challenge of transmitter–receiver (TX–RX) isolation in OFDM radars is addressed, with specific emphasis on shared-antenna cases, where the TX–RX isolation challenges are the largest. It is confirmed that from the OFDM radar processing perspective, limited TX–RX isolation is primarily a concern in the detection of static targets, while moving targets are inherently more robust to transmitter self-interference (SI). Properly tailored analog/RF and digital SI cancellation solutions for OFDM radars are also described and implemented and shown through RF measurements to be key technical ingredients for practical deployments, particularly from static and slowly moving targets’ point of view.",
keywords = "Radar, OFDM, Long Term Evolution, Radio frequency, Frequency-domain analysis, 5G mobile communication, Object detection, Analog cancellation, digital cancellation, 5G New Radio (NR), in-band full-duplex, joint communications and sensing, Long-Term Evolution (LTE), orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), radar, RF convergence, self-interference (SI)",
author = "{Baquero Barneto}, Carlos and Taneli Riihonen and Matias Turunen and Lauri Anttila and Marko Fleischer and Kari Stadius and Jussi Ryyn{\"a}nen and Mikko Valkama",
note = "INT=ELEN, {"}Turunen, Matias{"}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1109/TMTT.2019.2930510",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "4042--4054",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques",
issn = "0018-9480",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "10",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Full-Duplex OFDM Radar With LTE and 5G NR Waveforms: Challenges, Solutions, and Measurements

AU - Baquero Barneto, Carlos

AU - Riihonen, Taneli

AU - Turunen, Matias

AU - Anttila, Lauri

AU - Fleischer, Marko

AU - Stadius, Kari

AU - Ryynänen, Jussi

AU - Valkama, Mikko

N1 - INT=ELEN, "Turunen, Matias"

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - This article studies the processing principles, implementation challenges, and performance of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based radars, with particular focus on the fourth-generation Long-Term Evolution (LTE) and fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) mobile networks’ base stations and their utilization for radar/sensing purposes. First, we address the problem stemming from the unused subcarriers within the LTE and NR transmit signal passbands and their impact on frequency-domain radar processing. In particular, we formulate and adopt a computationally efficient interpolation approach to mitigate the effects of such empty subcarriers in the radar processing. We evaluate the target detection and the corresponding range and velocity estimation performance through computer simulations and show that high-quality target detection as well as high-precision range and velocity estimation can be achieved. In particular, 5G NR waveforms, through their impressive channel bandwidths and configurable subcarrier spacing, are shown to provide very good radar/sensing performance. Then, a fundamental implementation challenge of transmitter–receiver (TX–RX) isolation in OFDM radars is addressed, with specific emphasis on shared-antenna cases, where the TX–RX isolation challenges are the largest. It is confirmed that from the OFDM radar processing perspective, limited TX–RX isolation is primarily a concern in the detection of static targets, while moving targets are inherently more robust to transmitter self-interference (SI). Properly tailored analog/RF and digital SI cancellation solutions for OFDM radars are also described and implemented and shown through RF measurements to be key technical ingredients for practical deployments, particularly from static and slowly moving targets’ point of view.

AB - This article studies the processing principles, implementation challenges, and performance of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based radars, with particular focus on the fourth-generation Long-Term Evolution (LTE) and fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) mobile networks’ base stations and their utilization for radar/sensing purposes. First, we address the problem stemming from the unused subcarriers within the LTE and NR transmit signal passbands and their impact on frequency-domain radar processing. In particular, we formulate and adopt a computationally efficient interpolation approach to mitigate the effects of such empty subcarriers in the radar processing. We evaluate the target detection and the corresponding range and velocity estimation performance through computer simulations and show that high-quality target detection as well as high-precision range and velocity estimation can be achieved. In particular, 5G NR waveforms, through their impressive channel bandwidths and configurable subcarrier spacing, are shown to provide very good radar/sensing performance. Then, a fundamental implementation challenge of transmitter–receiver (TX–RX) isolation in OFDM radars is addressed, with specific emphasis on shared-antenna cases, where the TX–RX isolation challenges are the largest. It is confirmed that from the OFDM radar processing perspective, limited TX–RX isolation is primarily a concern in the detection of static targets, while moving targets are inherently more robust to transmitter self-interference (SI). Properly tailored analog/RF and digital SI cancellation solutions for OFDM radars are also described and implemented and shown through RF measurements to be key technical ingredients for practical deployments, particularly from static and slowly moving targets’ point of view.

KW - Radar

KW - OFDM

KW - Long Term Evolution

KW - Radio frequency

KW - Frequency-domain analysis

KW - 5G mobile communication

KW - Object detection

KW - Analog cancellation

KW - digital cancellation

KW - 5G New Radio (NR)

KW - in-band full-duplex

KW - joint communications and sensing

KW - Long-Term Evolution (LTE)

KW - orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)

KW - radar

KW - RF convergence

KW - self-interference (SI)

U2 - 10.1109/TMTT.2019.2930510

DO - 10.1109/TMTT.2019.2930510

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 4042

EP - 4054

JO - IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques

JF - IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques

SN - 0018-9480

IS - 10

ER -