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Homogenous homes of Finland: 'Standard' flats in non-standardized blocks

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Homogenous homes of Finland : 'Standard' flats in non-standardized blocks. / Kaasalainen, T.; Huuhka, S.

julkaisussa: Building Research and Information, Vuosikerta 44, Nro 3, 2016, s. 229-247.

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Kaasalainen, T. ; Huuhka, S. / Homogenous homes of Finland : 'Standard' flats in non-standardized blocks. Julkaisussa: Building Research and Information. 2016 ; Vuosikerta 44, Nro 3. Sivut 229-247.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{d0849a7fad334c1d89be53f4c93960ae,
title = "Homogenous homes of Finland: 'Standard' flats in non-standardized blocks",
abstract = "Several authors have successfully created and employed vintage cohorts and housing typologies in research addressing energy renovation needs in the existing dwelling stock. This paper suggests that the idea of types would be useful in creating living quality-related renovation and adaptation concepts for homes. These concepts could be used for increasing the accessibility and individuality of flats and easing life in cramped conditions by means of design. Therefore, the study tests the approach by examining the plan design of flats in one cohort: the Finnish 1960–80s' dwelling stock. A total of 320 apartment blocks with 8745 flats in 51 cities are examined. The study identifies 18 different types of flats, which are based on 10 basic layouts, representing over 80{\%} of all flats. Although the housing production of this era was characterized by cost-efficiency and industrialized prefabrication technologies, the result can be deemed somewhat surprising. This is because the building layouts were never standardized in Finland: only the production technology was standardized. The identified flat types are estimated to cover as much as one-third of all existing Finnish flats. These findings provide future opportunities for creating new mass-tailored renovation concepts.",
keywords = "apartment buildings, archetypes, building research, building stock, flats, housing stock, internal space, typology, vintage cohorts, Finland",
author = "T. Kaasalainen and S. Huuhka",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/09613218.2015.1055168",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "229--247",
journal = "Building Research and Information",
issn = "0961-3218",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Homogenous homes of Finland

T2 - 'Standard' flats in non-standardized blocks

AU - Kaasalainen, T.

AU - Huuhka, S.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Several authors have successfully created and employed vintage cohorts and housing typologies in research addressing energy renovation needs in the existing dwelling stock. This paper suggests that the idea of types would be useful in creating living quality-related renovation and adaptation concepts for homes. These concepts could be used for increasing the accessibility and individuality of flats and easing life in cramped conditions by means of design. Therefore, the study tests the approach by examining the plan design of flats in one cohort: the Finnish 1960–80s' dwelling stock. A total of 320 apartment blocks with 8745 flats in 51 cities are examined. The study identifies 18 different types of flats, which are based on 10 basic layouts, representing over 80% of all flats. Although the housing production of this era was characterized by cost-efficiency and industrialized prefabrication technologies, the result can be deemed somewhat surprising. This is because the building layouts were never standardized in Finland: only the production technology was standardized. The identified flat types are estimated to cover as much as one-third of all existing Finnish flats. These findings provide future opportunities for creating new mass-tailored renovation concepts.

AB - Several authors have successfully created and employed vintage cohorts and housing typologies in research addressing energy renovation needs in the existing dwelling stock. This paper suggests that the idea of types would be useful in creating living quality-related renovation and adaptation concepts for homes. These concepts could be used for increasing the accessibility and individuality of flats and easing life in cramped conditions by means of design. Therefore, the study tests the approach by examining the plan design of flats in one cohort: the Finnish 1960–80s' dwelling stock. A total of 320 apartment blocks with 8745 flats in 51 cities are examined. The study identifies 18 different types of flats, which are based on 10 basic layouts, representing over 80% of all flats. Although the housing production of this era was characterized by cost-efficiency and industrialized prefabrication technologies, the result can be deemed somewhat surprising. This is because the building layouts were never standardized in Finland: only the production technology was standardized. The identified flat types are estimated to cover as much as one-third of all existing Finnish flats. These findings provide future opportunities for creating new mass-tailored renovation concepts.

KW - apartment buildings

KW - archetypes

KW - building research

KW - building stock

KW - flats

KW - housing stock

KW - internal space

KW - typology

KW - vintage cohorts

KW - Finland

U2 - 10.1080/09613218.2015.1055168

DO - 10.1080/09613218.2015.1055168

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 229

EP - 247

JO - Building Research and Information

JF - Building Research and Information

SN - 0961-3218

IS - 3

ER -