TUTCRIS - Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto


ICED - Inductively Coupled Energy Dissipater for Future High Field Accelerator Magnets



Artikkeli 4009015
JulkaisuIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä28 toukokuuta 2018
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - joulukuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli


Future high field accelerator magnets, like the ones foreseen in the design study of the FCC project and for the EuCARD2 "Future Magnets" program, operate with magnetic fields in the range of 16<formula><tex>$\times$</tex></formula>20T. For such magnets the energy density is higher than in the accelerator magnets at present in operation, posing a challenge for the quench protection. Traditionally quench protection has relied on generating large normal zones in the coil by firing quench protection heaters. The increase of the coil internal resistance results in a fast current decay. This paper introduces the Inductively Coupled Energy Dissipater (ICED) system, based on low resistance loops which are inductively coupled with the coil. These loops greatly accelerate the current decay by rapidly extracting the energy from the coil, thereby lowering its peak temperature. Because of the potential reduction in stabilizer volume within the conductor, ICED may enable higher engineering current densities in the coil than with the protection relying entirely on dissipating the magnet's energy in the windings. The efficiency of ICED as a passive quench protection system is studied in this paper. We present the effect of such protection structure on the field quality during standard powering of the magnets and on the cryogenic system. We study electromagnetic forces in the loops and mechanically stable geometric locations within the magnet structure. For the proof of the concept, this system has been employed in Feather-M2 dipole demonstrator. We compare our modeling approach to results gained from a cryogenic test.