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Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

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Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments. / Sinkko, Hanna; Hepolehto, Iina; Lyra, Christina; Rinta-Kanto, Johanna M.; Villnäs, Anna; Norkko, Alf; Timonen, Sari.

julkaisussa: Scientific Reports, Vuosikerta 9, 16341, 08.11.2019.

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Harvard

Sinkko, H, Hepolehto, I, Lyra, C, Rinta-Kanto, JM, Villnäs, A, Norkko, A & Timonen, S 2019, 'Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments', Scientific Reports, Vuosikerta. 9, 16341. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51432-1

APA

Sinkko, H., Hepolehto, I., Lyra, C., Rinta-Kanto, J. M., Villnäs, A., Norkko, A., & Timonen, S. (2019). Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments. Scientific Reports, 9, [16341]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51432-1

Vancouver

Author

Sinkko, Hanna ; Hepolehto, Iina ; Lyra, Christina ; Rinta-Kanto, Johanna M. ; Villnäs, Anna ; Norkko, Alf ; Timonen, Sari. / Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments. Julkaisussa: Scientific Reports. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 9.

Bibtex - Lataa

@article{c532326a57b0475fa97a3eca9e964a53,
title = "Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments",
abstract = "Coastal hypoxia is a major environmental problem worldwide. Hypoxia-induced changes in sediment bacterial communities harm marine ecosystems and alter biogeochemical cycles. Nevertheless, the resistance of sediment bacterial communities to hypoxic stress is unknown. We investigated changes in bacterial communities during hypoxic-anoxic disturbance by artificially inducing oxygen deficiency to the seafloor for 0, 3, 7, and 48 days, with subsequent molecular biological analyses. We further investigated relationships between bacterial communities, benthic macrofauna and nutrient effluxes across the sediment-water-interface during hypoxic-anoxic stress, considering differentially abundant operational taxonomic units (OTUs). The composition of the moderately abundant OTUs changed significantly after seven days of oxygen deficiency, while the abundant and rare OTUs first changed after 48 days. High bacterial diversity maintained the resistance of the communities during oxygen deficiency until it dropped after 48 days, likely due to anoxia-induced loss of macrofaunal diversity and bioturbation. Nutrient fluxes, especially ammonium, correlated positively with the moderate and rare OTUs, including potential sulfate reducers. Correlations may reflect bacteria-mediated nutrient effluxes that accelerate eutrophication. The study suggests that even slightly higher bottom-water oxygen concentrations, which could sustain macrofaunal bioturbation, enable bacterial communities to resist large compositional changes and decrease the harmful consequences of hypoxia in marine ecosystems.",
keywords = "microbial ecology, water microbiology",
author = "Hanna Sinkko and Iina Hepolehto and Christina Lyra and Rinta-Kanto, {Johanna M.} and Anna Villn{\"a}s and Alf Norkko and Sari Timonen",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-019-51432-1",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing oxygen deficiency changes rare and moderately abundant bacterial communities in coastal soft sediments

AU - Sinkko, Hanna

AU - Hepolehto, Iina

AU - Lyra, Christina

AU - Rinta-Kanto, Johanna M.

AU - Villnäs, Anna

AU - Norkko, Alf

AU - Timonen, Sari

PY - 2019/11/8

Y1 - 2019/11/8

N2 - Coastal hypoxia is a major environmental problem worldwide. Hypoxia-induced changes in sediment bacterial communities harm marine ecosystems and alter biogeochemical cycles. Nevertheless, the resistance of sediment bacterial communities to hypoxic stress is unknown. We investigated changes in bacterial communities during hypoxic-anoxic disturbance by artificially inducing oxygen deficiency to the seafloor for 0, 3, 7, and 48 days, with subsequent molecular biological analyses. We further investigated relationships between bacterial communities, benthic macrofauna and nutrient effluxes across the sediment-water-interface during hypoxic-anoxic stress, considering differentially abundant operational taxonomic units (OTUs). The composition of the moderately abundant OTUs changed significantly after seven days of oxygen deficiency, while the abundant and rare OTUs first changed after 48 days. High bacterial diversity maintained the resistance of the communities during oxygen deficiency until it dropped after 48 days, likely due to anoxia-induced loss of macrofaunal diversity and bioturbation. Nutrient fluxes, especially ammonium, correlated positively with the moderate and rare OTUs, including potential sulfate reducers. Correlations may reflect bacteria-mediated nutrient effluxes that accelerate eutrophication. The study suggests that even slightly higher bottom-water oxygen concentrations, which could sustain macrofaunal bioturbation, enable bacterial communities to resist large compositional changes and decrease the harmful consequences of hypoxia in marine ecosystems.

AB - Coastal hypoxia is a major environmental problem worldwide. Hypoxia-induced changes in sediment bacterial communities harm marine ecosystems and alter biogeochemical cycles. Nevertheless, the resistance of sediment bacterial communities to hypoxic stress is unknown. We investigated changes in bacterial communities during hypoxic-anoxic disturbance by artificially inducing oxygen deficiency to the seafloor for 0, 3, 7, and 48 days, with subsequent molecular biological analyses. We further investigated relationships between bacterial communities, benthic macrofauna and nutrient effluxes across the sediment-water-interface during hypoxic-anoxic stress, considering differentially abundant operational taxonomic units (OTUs). The composition of the moderately abundant OTUs changed significantly after seven days of oxygen deficiency, while the abundant and rare OTUs first changed after 48 days. High bacterial diversity maintained the resistance of the communities during oxygen deficiency until it dropped after 48 days, likely due to anoxia-induced loss of macrofaunal diversity and bioturbation. Nutrient fluxes, especially ammonium, correlated positively with the moderate and rare OTUs, including potential sulfate reducers. Correlations may reflect bacteria-mediated nutrient effluxes that accelerate eutrophication. The study suggests that even slightly higher bottom-water oxygen concentrations, which could sustain macrofaunal bioturbation, enable bacterial communities to resist large compositional changes and decrease the harmful consequences of hypoxia in marine ecosystems.

KW - microbial ecology

KW - water microbiology

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-019-51432-1

DO - 10.1038/s41598-019-51432-1

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 16341

ER -