Light, Shape and Space: Direct and Inverse Problems of Individual Objects and Populations
|Kustantaja||Tampere University of Technology|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 29 kesäkuuta 2018|
|Nimi||Tampere University of Technology. Publication|
In the second case, we study an inverse problem where the quality of the data, given as time series, is so weak that it is no longer possible to reconstruct a model for an individual target. Therefore, rather than examining single targets, we focus on a large population of targets, and attempt to obtain information on the population. That is, we attempt to reconstruct a population-wide model. The characteristics of the population are described with a distribution function. This approach is completely new in the ﬁeld of inverse problems. We discuss the forward model and the inverse problem, showing that even with weak data and a crude model, it is possible to obtain a unique joint distribution that gives us information about our two parameters, shape elongation and spin latitude. The accuracy of the solution is rough, but brings out the information that can be recovered from the data, and the distribution method is tolerant to data and model noise. We introduce some applications of the distribution method, such as a synthetic simulator for estimating the accuracy of the obtained solution, and some ways to measure the differences between the distributions obtained for different populations. In addition, we developed a software package that implements the distribution method and the above-mentioned applications on a user-given asteroid database. The software package can be used for experimenting with different populations, and inspecting different hypotheses or correlations. For example, we conﬁrmed a previous study that the YORP effect has a noticeable effect on the distribution of spin latitudes on a speciﬁc asteroid family.