TUTCRIS - Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto


Long-term epileptic EEG classification via 2D mapping and textural features



JulkaisuExpert Systems with Applications
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 8 kesäkuuta 2015
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli


Interpretation of long-term Electroencephalography (EEG) records is a tiresome task for clinicians. This paper presents an efficient, low cost and novel approach for patient-specific classification of long-term epileptic EEG records. We aim to achieve this with the minimum supervision from the neurologist. To accomplish this objective, first a novel feature extraction method is proposed based on the mapping of EEG signals into two dimensional space, resulting into a texture image. The texture image is constructed by mapping and scaling EEG signals and their associated frequency sub-bands into the gray-level image domain. Image texture analysis using gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is then applied in order to extract multivariate features which are able to differentiate between seizure and seizure-free events. To evaluate the discriminative power of the proposed feature extraction method, a comparative study is performed, against other dedicated feature extraction methods. The comparative performance evaluations show that the proposed feature extraction method can outperform other state-of-art feature extraction methods with a low computational cost. With a training rate of 25%, the overall sensitivity of 70.19% and specificity of 97.74% are achieved in the classification of over 163 h of EEG records using support vector machine (SVM) classifiers with linear kernels and trained by the stochastic gradient descent (SGD) algorithm.