TUTCRIS - Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto

TUTCRIS

Metabolic syndrome is associated with decreased heart rate variability in a sex-dependent manner: a comparison between 252 men and 249 women

Tutkimustuotosvertaisarvioitu

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut160-167
Sivumäärä8
JulkaisuClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Vuosikerta39
Numero2
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä2018
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - maaliskuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli

Tiivistelmä

Impaired heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but evidence regarding alterations of HRV in metabolic syndrome (MetS) remains elusive. In order to examine HRV in MetS, we subjected 501 volunteers without atherosclerosis, diabetes or antihypertensive medication, mean age 48 years, to passive head-up tilt. The subjects were divided to control men (n = 131), men with MetS (n = 121), control women (n = 191) and women with MetS (n = 58) according to the criteria by Alberti et al. (Circulation, 2009, 120, 1640). In unadjusted analyses (i) men and women with MetS had lower total power and high-frequency (HF) power of HRV than controls whether supine or upright (P<0·05 for all). (ii) Supine low-frequency (LF) power of HRV was lower in men (P = 0·012) but not in women (P = 0·064) with MetS than in controls, while men and women with MetS had lower upright LF power of HRV than controls (P <0·01 for both). (iii) The LF:HF ratio did not differ between subjects with and without MetS. After adjustment for age, smoking habits, alcohol intake, height, heart rate and breathing frequency, only the differences in upright total power and HF power of HRV between women with MetS and control women remained significant (P<0·05). In conclusion, reduced total and HF power of HRV in the upright position may partially explain why the relative increase in cardiovascular risk associated with MetS is greater in women than in men. Additionally, the present results emphasize that the confounding factors must be carefully taken into consideration when evaluating HRV.

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

Tutkimusalat

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

Tilastokeskuksen tieteenalat