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Nanocellulose based piezoelectric sensors

Tutkimustuotos: Konferenssiesitys, posteri tai abstrakti

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivumäärä1-1
Sivumäärä1
TilaJulkaistu - 30 maaliskuuta 2016
TapahtumaPhysics days 2016 - University of Oulu, Oulu, Suomi
Kesto: 29 maaliskuuta 201531 maaliskuuta 2016
http://fp2016.fi/

Conference

ConferencePhysics days 2016
MaaSuomi
KaupunkiOulu
Ajanjakso29/03/1531/03/16
www-osoite

Tiivistelmä

Cellulose based nanomaterials, generally known as nanocellulose [1], are interesting re-newable bio-based nanomaterials which have potential applications in material sciences, electronics and biomedical engineering and diagnostic. A strong ability to form light-weight, highly porous, entangled networks makes nanocellulose suitable substrate or membrane material for various applications, such as supercapacitors [2, 3].

It was proposed already in 1950’s, that wood has piezoelectric properties initiating from the highly crystalline assemblies of cellulose chains [4]. Experimental evidence of the piezoelectricity of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) was reported only very recently [5, 6]. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF), produced by a mechanical homogenizing process from cel-lulose fibers, contain both crystalline and amorphous regions. CNC can be obtained from CNF by removal of amorphous regions using hydrolysis e.g. in sulfuric acid.

Here, we report the experimental results on piezoelectricity of nanocellulose films pre-pared using different methods. The piezoelectric sensitivity of prepared sensor elements is measured using in-house built measurement setup equipped with a mechanical shaker and charge amplifier [7]. A randomly oriented CNF film (prepared by pressure filtering from aqueous CNF dispersion) showed piezoelectric sensitivities of 2-7 pC/N [8, 9], which is between the piezoelectric coefficients of quartz (2.3 pC/N) and polyvinylidene-fluoride (PVDF, -30 pC/N). Initial results from the nanocellulose based composite films gives promises for biomedical applications of nanocellulose based piezoelectric sensors.

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[3] K. Torvinen, S. Lehtimäki, J. T. Keränen, J. Sievänen, J. Vartiainen, E. Hellén, D. Lupo and S. Tuukkanen, Electronic Materials Letters 11(6), 1040 (2015).
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