Oxysterols Versus Cholesterol in Model Neuronal Membrane. I. The Case of 7-Ketocholesterol. The Langmuir Monolayer Study
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|Julkaisu||Journal of Membrane Biology|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2017|
Oxysterols are products of cholesterol oxidation. They can be formed endogenously (in both enzymatic and non-enzymatic reactions) as well as exogenously (delivered with food). Recent studies clearly demonstrate cytotoxic properties of these compounds, being mainly due to their incorporation into natural lipid bilayers. This process can influence mechanical and physicochemical properties of biomembrane—mainly by modifying the interactions between its components, which may result in the disruption of proper functioning of cell membrane and could lead to its degradation. Therefore, it can be assumed that oxysterols may affect the initiation of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease. However, the mode of action of these molecules at the molecular level is not fully known. To get a better understanding of the role of oxysterols in neurodegeneration, it is of great importance to examine mutual interactions between oxysterols and neuronal membrane components. One of the most promising techniques that can be used to analyze such interactions is the Langmuir monolayer technique. In this work, we have prepared an artificial neuronal membrane modeled as multicomponent Langmuir monolayer built up with cholesterol, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), and sphingomyelin (SM). To examine whether there are any changes in the membrane properties under oxidative stress, in this paper we have investigated the impact of the representative ring-oxidized oxysterol: 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC). Our results show that replacing cholesterol with 7-KC increases the interaction between molecules in the model membrane.