Preintercalation of an organic accelerator into nanogalleries and preparation of ethylene propylene diene terpolymer rubber-clay nanocomposites
Tutkimustuotos › › vertaisarvioitu
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - maaliskuuta 2011|
A multifunctional additive, bis(diisopropyl) thiophosphoryl diisopropyl disulfide (DIPDIS), was melted in the presence of quaternary ammonium-modified montmorillonite clay and incorporated into an ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM) rubber matrix as a nanofiller to prepare EPDM rubber nanocomposites. The finer dispersion of the organoclay (OC) in the rubber matrix was observed when the OC was preintercalated by DIPDIS using the propping-open procedure. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed that the silicate layers of the OC were successfully preintercalated by the DIPDIS; that is, the basal spacing of clay galleries was expanded from 2.98 to 3.76 nm. Because of the larger interlayer distance, as evidenced by XRD studies, the delamination process was facilitated through the easy intercalation of macromolecular rubber chains, which was reflected in various properties, such as the stress-strain behavior, thermal stability, dynamic mechanical properties and swelling properties. XRD studies and transmission electron microscopy directly supported the effective filler dispersion in the non-polar EPDM rubber matrix.